Overview

Comprehensive Description

Type Material

Type species (From Cutler, 1994)

Golfingia (Spinata) pectinoides E. Cutler and Cutler, 1979

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Source: Sipuncula LifeDesk

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Type Material

Golfingia macintoshii Lankester, 1885 (= Sipunculus vulgaris sensu de Blainville, 1827)

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© Kawauchi, Gisele Y.

Source: Sipuncula LifeDesk

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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

(From Cutler, 1994)

Hooks arranged in rings, small, with spinelets.

Retractor muscle slender, equal size, originates very close to the ventral nerve cord.

Spindle muscle originates in the trunk wall anterior to the anus.

A pair of bilobed nephridia.

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© Kawauchi, Gisele Y.

Source: Sipuncula LifeDesk

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(From Cutler 1994)

Small to medium size worms.

Introvert equal to or shorter than the trunk.

Hooks when present are scattered (exception: G. pectinoides and G. elongata has hooks in rings).

Muscle layer continuous.

Tentacular crown around the mouth.

Four retractor muscles.

Contractile vessel without villi.

Spindle muscle not attached to the posterior end of the trunk.

A pair of nephridia.

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© Kawauchi, Gisele Y.

Source: Sipuncula LifeDesk

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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Depth range based on 1432 specimens in 22 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 797 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 5285
  Temperature range (°C): -1.990 - 27.194
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.267 - 40.639
  Salinity (PPS): 22.798 - 39.053
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.222 - 8.995
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.039 - 2.950
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 179.377

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 5285

Temperature range (°C): -1.990 - 27.194

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.267 - 40.639

Salinity (PPS): 22.798 - 39.053

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.222 - 8.995

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.039 - 2.950

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 179.377
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:24
Specimens with Sequences:17
Specimens with Barcodes:17
Species:3
Species With Barcodes:3
Public Records:8
Public Species:3
Public BINs:5
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Disclaimer

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