The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Basibuyuk, H.H., Rasnitsyn, A.P., Fitton, M.G., Quicke, D.L.J. 2002. The limits of the family Evaniidae (Insecta:
  • Bradley, J. C. 1908. The Evaniidae, ensign flies, an archaic family of Hymenoptera. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 34: 101-194.
  • Carlson, R. W. 1979. Superfamily Evanioidea. Pp. 1109-1118 in: Catalog of the Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico, volume 1, Symphyta and Apocrita (Parasitica). K. V. Krombein, P. D. Hurd, D. R. Smith, and B. D. Burks, eds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C., U.S.A. 1198 pp.
  • Carlson, Robert W. / Krombein, Karl V., Paul D. Hurd, Jr., David R. Smith, and B. D. Burks. 1979. Superfamily Evanioidea. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. 1109-1118
  • Crosskey, R. W. 1951. The morphology, taxonomy, and biology of the British Evanioidea (Hymenoptera). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 102: 247-281.
  • Deans, A. R. and J. B. Whitfield. 2003. Estimates of relationships between ensign wasp genera (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae). Evolution Conference 2004. Fort Collins, CO. June 26-30, 2004.
  • Deans, A. R., H. H. Basibuyuk, D. Azar, and A. Nel. 2004. Descriptions of two new Early Cretaceous (Hauterivian) ensign wasp genera (Hymenoptera: Evaniidae) from Lebanese amber. Cretaceous Research 25: 509-516.
  • Dowton, M. and A. D. Austin. 2001. Simultaneous analysis of 16S, 28S, COI and morphology in the Hymenoptera: Apocrita - evolutionary transitions among parasitic wasps. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 74: 87-111.
  • Dowton, M., A.D. Austin, N. Dillon, and E. Bartowsky. 1997. Molecular phylogeny of the apocritan wasps with particular reference to the Proctotrupomorpha and Evaniomorpha. Systematic Entomology 22: 245-255.
  • Gauld, I. D. and B. Bolton. 1988. The Hymenoptera. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K. 332 pp.
  • Gibson, G. A. P. 1985. Some pro- and mesothoracic structures important for phylogenetic analysis of Hymenoptera, with a review of the terms used for the structures. Canadian Entomologist 117: 1395-1443.
  • Goulet, H. and J. T. Huber (eds.) 1993. Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E. 668 pp.
  • Hedicke, H. 1939. Evaniidae. In: Hymenoptorum Catalogus, H. Hedicke (ed.) Pars 9. Dr. W. Junk. 's-Gravenhage, 50 pp.
  • Hymenoptera) and a new genus from Lebanese amber. Insect Systematics and Evolution 33: 23-34.
  • Jennings, J. T. and A. D. Austin. 2004. Biology and host relationships of aulacid and gasteruptiid wasps (Hymenoptera: Aulacidae): a review. Pp. 187-215. In K. Rajmohana, K. Sudheer, P. Girish Kumar, and S. Santhosh (eds.) Perspectives on Biosystematics and Biodiversity. University of Calicut, Kerala, India.
  • Jennings, J. T., A. D. Austin, and N. B. Stevens. 2004. Hyptiogastrites electrinus Cockerell, 1917, from Burmese amber: redescription and its placement within the Evanioidea (Hymenoptera). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2: 127-132.
  • Mason, W. R. M. 1993. Superfamilies Evanioidea, Stephanoidea, Megalyroidea, and Trigonalyoidea. Chapter 11, pp. 510-520 In: Goulet, H. and J. T. Huber, eds. Hymenoptera of the World: An identification guide to families. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Publication 1894/E. 668 pp.
  • Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera. Pp. 916-1000 In: The Insects of Australia, Volume II. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Nel, A., A. Waller, and G. De Ploëg. 2004. An aulacid wasp in the Lowermost Eocene amber from the Paris Basin (Hymenoptera: Aulacidae). Geologica Acta 2 (1): 67-74.
  • Quicke, D. L. J., M. G. Fitton, J. R. Tunstead, S. N. Ingram, and P. V. Gaitens. 1994. Ovipositor structure and relationships within the Hymenoptera, with special reference to the Ichneumonoidea. Journal of Natural History 28: 635-682.
  • Rasnitsyn A.P. 1972. Praeaulacidae (Hymenoptera) from the Upper Jurassic of Karatau. Paleontologicheskiy Zhurnal 1: 72-87 [in Russian, translated into English as 'Late Jurassic Hymenopterous insects (Praeaulacidae) of Karatau)' in Paleontological Journal 6(1): 62-77]
  • Ronquist, F., A. P. Rasnitsyn, A. Roy, K. Eriksson, and M. Lindgren. 1999. Phylogeny of the Hymenoptera: a cladistic reanalysis of Rasnitsyn's (1988) data. Zoologica Scripta 28: 13-50.
  • Sharkey, M. J. and A. Roy. 2002. Phylogeny of the Hymenoptera: a reanalysis of the Ronquist et al. (1999) reranalysis, emphasizing wing venation and apocritan relationships. Zoologica Scripta 31: 57-66.
  • Townes, H. K. 1950. The Nearctic species of Gasteruptiidae (Hymenoptera). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 100: 85-145.
  • Whitfield, J. B. 1998. Phylogeny and evolution of host-parasitoid interactions in Hymenoptera. Annual Review of Entomology 43: 129-151.
  • Whitfield, J. B., N. F. Johnson, and M. R. Hamerski. 1989. Identity and phylogenetic significance of the metapostnotum in nonaculeate Hymenoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 82: 663-673.


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