Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Tree 8-30(35) m. high. Young branchlets glabrous or puberulous. Leaves with pinnae opposite, in 4-11 pairs; leaflets 10-18 or more pairs, oblong, rounded at apex, asymmetrically rounded or subtruncate at the base. Peduncles up to half a meter long; flowers red, in dense, electric light bulb-shaped inflorescences. Pods leathery.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Derivation of specific name

filicoid: fern-like
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Botanical Description

Bole: Straight. Buttressed. Large. Spreading crown. To 30 m. Bark: Grey/brown. Smooth/scaly. Vertical lines of brown lenticels. Young branchlets glabrous to puberulous. Slash: Red/brown with brown/white streaks. Leaf: Bipinnate; 4 - 11 pairs of pinnae; 11 - 17 pairs of leaflets per pinna. Alternate. Lflts: Pinnae: Opposite. Leaflets: Opposite. Petiole: Rachis puberulous. Lamina: Small. 1 - 3 × 0.5 - 1 cm. Oblong. Cuneate. Asymmetrical. Obtuse/retuse. Entire. Glabrous. Domatia: NR. Glands: Petiole glandular. Stipules: NR. Thorns & Spines: Absent. Flower: Red/pink/brown; pungent smell. Hanging balls. Fruit: Dark brown/black long hanging pods; 50 - 60 cm.
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Partner Web Site: Africa Tree Database

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Distribution

Worldwide distribution

In D.R. Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Angola.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Lake Tanganyika; central Africa; coastal Tanzania; Eastern Arc Mountains; eastern tropical Africa; Lake Malawi region; Lake Victoria region; southern Africa
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Partner Web Site: Africa Tree Database

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

firewood; household; beehives; food; shade; ornamental
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Partner Web Site: Africa Tree Database

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