Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

Notes: Moist deciduous forests
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Shrub
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Description

Small shrubby perennial herb, sometimes only short-lived. Stems erect or sometimes prostrate, up to 1 m long, more or less densely hairy and sometimes bristly, growing from a thick woody rootstock. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, up to 3.3 cm long, pubescent and bristly; margin entire, often thickened. Flowers in dense axillary and terminal heads, normally one flower open at the time; standard creamy-white to orange-yellow with red veining and red at the base; wings and keel yellow. Pod 1-2-jointed, 4-9 mm long, beaked, dense.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Derivation of specific name

fruticosa: shrubby or becoming shrubby
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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"Maharashtra: Ahmednagar, Kolhapur, Nasik, Satara"
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"
Global Distribution

Sri Lanka, India, Africa and Madagascar

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Palakkad, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam

"
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Worldwide distribution

Widespread in tropical Africa, Namibia, Bostwana, and South Africa. Also in Madagascar, Arabia, India and Sri Lanka.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Physical Description

Perennial, Shrubs, Herbs, Stems woody below, or from woody crown or caudex, Taproot present, Nodules present, Stems or branches arching, spreading or decumbent, Stems prostrate, trailing, or mat forming, Stems less than 1 m tall, Plants gland-dotted or with gland-tipped hairs, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Stem hairs hispid to villous, Stems hairs pilose or spreading, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules conspicuous, Stipules green, triangulate to lanceolate or foliaceous, Stipules persistent, Stipules clasping stem at the base, Stipules adnate to petiole, Stipules connate to each other, forming a tuber or sheath, Leaves compound, Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, Le aves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets opposite, Leaflets 3, Leaves glabrous or nearly so, Leaves hairy on one or both surfaces, Flowers in axillary clusters or few-floweredracemes, 2-6 flowers, Inflorescences spikes or spike-like, Inflorescences globose heads, capitate or subcapitate, Inflorescence axillary, Inflorescence terminal, Bracts conspicuously present, Bracts hairy, Bracteoles present, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx glabrous, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals orange or yellow, Petals bicolored or with red, purple or yellow streaks or spots, Banner petal ovoid or obovate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing tips obtuse or rounded, Stamens 9-10, Stamens or anthers dimorphic, alternating large and small, Stamens monadelphous, united below, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Fruit a loment, jointed, separating into articles, Fruit unilocular, Fruit freely dehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight, Fruit rugose wrinkled or reticulate, Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit beaked, Fruit hairy, Fruit 2-seeded, Seeds ovoid to rounded in outline, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.
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Dr. David Bogler

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Procumbent herbs or undershrubs; root-stock woody. Stem, peduncles and pedicels loosely villous. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 8-20 x 2.5-5 mm, oblong-elliptic or linear-lanceolate, acute at base and apex, mucronate at tip, pubescent on both sides, ciliate on margins; nerves parallel and close; stipules 8-13 mm long, lanceolate, adnate to base of petiole, sheathing, villous without. Flowers yellow 3-5 in terminal heads; bracts and bracteoles 0.8-1.2 cm long, linear-lanceolate, densely hairy. Calyx lobes 2-4 mm long, densely brown hairy. Petals yellow, 4-6 mm long. Stamens monadelphous. Ovary 2-3 mm long, suborbicular, woolly; style filiform. Pods 5-8 mm long, monoiliform, 1or 2-articulate; articles pilose, reticulate, fully enclosed in calyx, beak curved. Seeds c. 2.5 mm long, reniform."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Perennial herb
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Along lakeshores, riverbanks, roadsides and wasteplaces"
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Population Biology

Frequency

Frequent
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: September-January
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Stylosanthes fruticosa

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: Native to Africa, Madagascar, and Srilanka.

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