The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Barneby,R.C. 1989. Fabales.In:A.Cronquist et al.Intermountain Fl.3B:1-20,27-279
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  • Correll,D.S. & Johnston,M.C. 1970. Man.Vasc.Pl.Texas. Texas Res. Found.,Renner 1881pp.
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Isely,D. 1975. Mem.New York Bot.Gard.25(2):1-228 Legum. of the U.S.: II.
  • Isely,D. 1990. Leguminosae, Vascular Flora S.E. U.S.A. 3(2) 1-258
  • Merrill,E.D. & Perry,L.M. 1948. J.Arnold Arbor.29(2):152-168.Papuan Collns.M.Strong Clemen
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Radford,A.E. er al. 1968. Man.of Vasc. Fl. of the Carolinas Fabaceae 569-645
  • Roskov Y., Zarucchi J., Novoselova M. & Bisby F.(†) (eds) (2015). ILDIS World Database of Legumes (version 12, May 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Schwegman, J. E. 1991. The Vascular Flora of Langham Island, Kankakee County, Illinois. Erigenia 11: 1–8.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Species Plantarum 1: 374. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Viaggio Amer. Sett. 1785–87(2): 223. 1790. (Viaggio Amer. Sett.)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
  • Yakovlev, G.P. 1987. In:Flora Partis Europaeae URSS, Vol.6. Leningrad.(Rus)
    1. Afanasiev, Michel. 1944. A study of dormancy and germination  of seeds of Cercis canadensis. Journal of  Agricultural Research 69:405-420.
    3. Baker, Whiteford L. 1972. Eastern forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1175.  Washington, DC. 642 p.
    5. Donselman, Henry M. 1976. Variation in native populations of  eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis L.) as influenced  by geographic location. Proceedings, Florida State  Horticulture Society 89:370-373.
    7. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    9. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and  wildlife. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous  Publication 412. Washington, DC. 153 p.
    11. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
    13. Landers, J. Larry, and A. Sydney Johnson. 1976. Bobwhite  quail food habits in the southeastern United States with a  seed key to important foods. Tall Timbers Research Station,  Miscellaneous Publication 4. Tallahassee, FL. 90 p.
    15. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1977. Atlas of United States trees.  vol. 4: Minor eastern hardwoods. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1342. Washington, DC.  9 p., 166 maps.
    17. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    19. Lovell, Harvey B. 1961. Let's talk about honey plants.  Gleanings Bee Culture 89(2):99-100.
    21. Plummer, Gayther L. 1954. Cercis canadensis L.; An  ecological life history. Thesis (Ph.D.), Purdue University,  Lafayette, IN. 300 p.
    23. Read, Ralph A. 1952. Tree species occurrence as influenced  by geology and soil on an Ozark north slope. Ecology  33:239-246.
    25. Robertson, Kenneth R. 1976. Cercis: The redbuds.  Arnoldia 36(2):37-49.
    27. Schopmeyer, C. S., tech. coord. 1974. Seeds of woody plants  in the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC. 883 p.
    29. VanDersal, William R. 1938. Native woody plants of the  United States, their erosion control and wildlife values.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication  303. Washington, DC. 362 p.
    31. Vines, Robert A. 1960. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of the  southwest. University of Texas Press, Austin. 1104 p.


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