Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: Pantropical; n. to middle Florida
Distribution: In thickets and dry forests of the littoral zone. Also on Mona, Vieques, St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola, and Virgin Gorda; throughout tropical America and Africa.
Public Forests: Guánica, Mona, Piñones, and Tortuguero.
Dalbergia ecastaphyllum (L.) Taub in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(3): 335. 1894.
Basionym: Hedysarum ecastaphyllum L.
Synonyms: Ecastaphyllum ecastaphyllum (L.) Britton
Ecastaphyllum brownei Pers.
Clambering or scandent shrub, much branched from the base, attainig 1-5 m in length. Stems cylindrical, white-pubescent. Leaves alternate, unifoliolate (exceptionally with 3-foliolate leaves on the same plant); leaflets 6-12 × 4.5-8 cm, ovate or oblong, coriaceous, the apex obtuse to acuminate, the base rounded to almost cordiform, the margins entire; upper surface dark green, dull, glabrous, with the venation sunken; lower surface light green, puberulent, with prominent venation; petioles 5-10 mm long, pubescent; stipels absent; stipules ovate to lanceolate, 4-10 mm long, whitesericeous, deciduous. Inflorescences of axillary panicles 1-4 cm long, densely ferruginoustomentose; bracts minute, deciduous. Calyx campanulate, 2.5-3.5 mm long, green, ferruginous-tomentose; corolla pink or white, the standard rounded, ca. 7 mm long, retuse, unguiculate, the wings longer than the standard. Legume 2-2.3 × 1.5-2 cm, oblong to almost circular, flattened, indehiscent, brown when ripe. Seed solitary, up to 1.7 cm long.
Phenology: Flowering and fruiting throughout the year.
Status: Native, common.
Selected Specimens Examined: Acevedo-Rdgz., P. 805; 2039; 2041; 9310; 6996; Axelrod, F. 5012; 9511; 10902; Britton, N.L. 1712; 6824; Cowles, H.T. 219; Heller, A.A. 331; 4506; Sargent, F.H. 3006; Shafer, J.A. 2605; Sintenis, P. 131; 4862; Stevenson, J.A. 1705; 2132; Underwood, L.M. 657; 699; 700; Woodbury, R.O. s.n.
Comments: Hammocks, coastal strand, dunes, shell mounds with mangroves, along streams (Isely, 1990).
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked
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