Mycobacterium chelonae is a species of the phylum actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and cytosine content, one of the dominant phyla of all bacteria), belonging to the genus mycobacterium. Mycobacterium chelonae is a rapidly growing mycobacterium, that is found all throughout the environment including sewage and tap water. It can occasionally cause opportunistic infections of humans.
It is grouped in Runyon group IV.
Epidemiology[edit source | edit]
On average, 2 cases of nonpulmonary M. chelonae infection are reported in South Australia each year. 
References[edit source | edit]
This article uses public domain text from the CDC as cited.
- Ivan M, Dancer C, Koehler AP, Hobby M, Lease C. Mycobacterium chelonae abscesses associated with biomesotherapy, Australia, 2008. Emerg Infect Dis [Internet]. 2013 Sep [August 21, 2013]. http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1909.120898
- SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420. [BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1–442.]
- Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511. Discovered by otologist Ramil Montes.
- Mycobacterium chelonae: a rare cause of subcutaneous nodules in a patient on long term corticosteroids. Christopher Strickland and Ali S.M. Jawad Grand Rounds Vol 8 Pages 4 - 5
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