Life History and Behavior
In defence, the larvae may vomit a green bile. The larvae are also highly sensitive, wriggling wildly if even only slightly touched.
The same may also be said of the pupae, which can move so vigorously that they can move several centimetres.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Theretra oldenlandiae
There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank. Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species. See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen. Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Theretra oldenlandiae
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 16
Species With Barcodes: 1
They are often considered a pest on both Busy lizzie (Impatiens wallerana) and Fuchsias (Fuchsia sp.). Caterpillars of this species have also been seen feeding on Arum lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica), Argentine trumpet vine (Clytostoma callistegioides), Climbing guinea flower (Hibbertia scandens), Billy goat plum (Planchonia careya), Godetia (Clarkia amoena), Star cluster (Pentas lanceolata), Australian native violet (Viola hederacea) and Slender grape (Cayratia clematidea). The larvae are black with yellow dots, they have a small spine on their tails and use it as a mimicked head. Before pupating the caterpillar will reach a length of about 70 mm.
The adult is brown with light brown stripes down the thorax. The stripes are mimicked on the inner margin of the forewing.
- Theretra oldenlandiae oldenlandiae (from Sri Lanka and southern India north to northern Pakistan, northern Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar. Then northeastwards through China to Taiwan, South Korea and Japan, and then southeastwards through South East Asia as far as the Andaman Islands, the Solomon Islands and the Philippines. Strongly migratory northward to northeastern China (Heilongjiang, Liaoning and Jilin), eastern Russia (Primorskiy Kray) and northern Japan)
- Theretra oldenlandiae lewini (Thon, 1828) (Australia)
- Theretra oldenlandiae samoana Gehlen, 1941 (Samoa)
- "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. http://www.cate-sphingidae.org/taxonomy/Theretra/oldenlandiae.html. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
- "Theretra oldenlandiae". http://www-staff.it.uts.edu.au/~don/larvae/sphi/olden.html. Retrieved 2009-10-31.[dead link]
- Pittaway AR; Kitching I. "''Theretra oldenlandiae oldenlandiae'' at Sphingidae of the Eastern Palaearctic". Tpittaway.tripod.com. http://tpittaway.tripod.com/china/t_old.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
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