The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2008. Fl. China 7: 1–499. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis. External link.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee, e. 2010. Magnoliophyta: Salicaceae to Brassicaceae. 7: i–xxii, 1–797. In Fl. N. Amer. Oxford University Press, New York. External link.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. 2011. Flora de Antioquia. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. 2. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia. Pp. 1-939. External link.


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