Data about <i>Juncus effusus</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Juncus effusus.

Distribution

Data about <i>Juncus effusus</i>
native range includes
Additional detail Alaska, USA USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Canada USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Puerto Rico USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail St. Pierre and Miquelon (France) USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
introduced range includes
Additional detail Hawaii, USA USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
geographic distribution
Additional detail Africa & Madagascar - Gabon Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Africa & Madagascar - Madagascar Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Africa & Madagascar - South Africa Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - Bhutan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Anhui Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Fujian Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Gansu Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Guangdong Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Guangxi Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Guizhou Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Hebei Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Heilongjiang Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Henan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Hubei Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Hunan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Jiangsu Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Jiangxi Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Jilin Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Liaoning Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Shandong Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Sichuan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Taiwan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Xizang Zizhiqu Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Yunnan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - China - Zhejiang Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - India Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - Japan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - Laos Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - Nepal Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - South Korea Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - Sri Lanka Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - Thailand Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Asia - Vietnam Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Caribbean - Caribbean Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Caribbean - Caribbean - Haiti Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Caribbean - Caribbean - Leeward Islands Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Costa Rica Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Costa Rica - Cartago Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Costa Rica - Heredia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Costa Rica - Puntarenas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Costa Rica - San José Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - El Salvador Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - El Salvador - Chalatenango Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Guatemala Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Guatemala - Alta Verapaz Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Guatemala - Baja Verapaz Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Guatemala - Huehuetenango Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Guatemala - Jalapa Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Guatemala - Quiché Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Guatemala - San Marcos Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Guatemala - Totonicapán Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Honduras Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Honduras - Francisco Morazán Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Honduras - Gracias a Dios Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Honduras - Intibucá Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Honduras - La Paz Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Honduras - Ocotepeque Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Aguascalientes Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Chiapas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Distrito Federal Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Durango Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Guanajuato Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Hidalgo Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Jalisco Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Michoacán Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Morelos Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - México Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Oaxaca Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Puebla Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Sinaloa Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Tabasco Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail Mesoamerica - Mexico - Veracruz Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - British Columbia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - California Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Florida Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Kansas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Michigan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Nebraska Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - North Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Oklahoma Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Oregon Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - South Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Texas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Washington Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Argentina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Argentina - Islas Malvinas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Argentina - Tucumán Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Bolivia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Bolivia - Cochabamba Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Bolivia - La Paz Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Brazil Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Brazil - Minas Gerais Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Brazil - São Paulo Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Chile Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Antioquia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Boyacá Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Caldas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Cauca Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Cundinamarca Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Huila Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - La Guajira Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Magdalena Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Nariño Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Norte de Santander Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Putumayo Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Quindío Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Risaralda Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Santander Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Colombia - Tolima Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Ecuador Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Ecuador - Azuay Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Ecuador - Carchi Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Ecuador - Loja Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Ecuador - Morona-Santiago Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Ecuador - Pichincha Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Ecuador - Zamora-Chinchipe Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Peru Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Peru - Amazonas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Peru - Cajamarca Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Peru - Cusco Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Peru - Pasco Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Peru - San Martín Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Venezuela Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Venezuela - Aragua Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Venezuela - Barinas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Venezuela - Distrito Federal Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Venezuela - Lara Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Venezuela - Miranda Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Venezuela - Mérida Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Venezuela - Trujillo Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Venezuela - Táchira Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail South America - Venezuela - Zulia Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Juncus effusus</i>
flower color
Additional detail brown
  • brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
leaf color
Additional detail dark green
  • dark green
    Of the color between blue and yellow in the color spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/darkGreen
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
plant height median
Additional detail 2.01 m mature USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
average Additional detail 60.96 cm mature Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
fruit or seed color
Additional detail yellow
  • yellow
    A color hue with medium wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between orange and green, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 570 to 590 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000324
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
plant growth habit
Additional detail forb/herb
  • forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
Additional detail forb/herb
  • forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
Additional detail graminoid
  • graminoid
    Grass or grass-like plant, including grasses (Poaceae), sedges (Cyperaceae), rushes (Juncaceae), arrow-grasses (Juncaginaceae), and quillworts (Isoetes).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/graminoid
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail graminoid
  • graminoid
    Grass or grass-like plant, including grasses (Poaceae), sedges (Cyperaceae), rushes (Juncaceae), arrow-grasses (Juncaginaceae), and quillworts (Isoetes).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/graminoid
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
shape
Additional detail erect
  • erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
primary growth form
Additional detail bunch
  • bunch
    Plant development by intravaginal tillering at or near the soil surface without production of rhizomes or stolons.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/bunch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
Additional detail medium (23 – 59)
  • medium (23 – 59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is 23–59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
foliage texture
Additional detail rough
  • rough
    A texture quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's irregular surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000700
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

Data about <i>Juncus effusus</i>
  • frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
frost free days min
Additional detail 120 days USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
precipitation tolerance min
Additional detail 45.72 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 1.52 m USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
soil depth min
Additional detail 60.96 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • low temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
low temperature tolerance min
Additional detail -38.9 degrees Celsius USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
habitat
Additional detail ditch
  • ditch
    A small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000037
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail elevation
  • elevation
    A landform elevated above the surrounding area.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000176
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fen
  • fen
    A freshwater peat land with chemically basic (which roughly means alkaline) ground water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000232
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail garden
  • garden
    An enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000011
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail heath
  • heath
    An upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000107
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail meadow
  • meadow
    A habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. Typically, what is called a meadow has more biodiversity than a grassland as the former contains not only grasses but a significant variety of annual, biennial and perennial plants.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000108
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail meadow
  • meadow
    A habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. Typically, what is called a meadow has more biodiversity than a grassland as the former contains not only grasses but a significant variety of annual, biennial and perennial plants.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000108
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail moor
  • moor
    A wetland found in upland areas, characterised by acidic soils.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000231
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oceanic island
  • oceanic island
    An island that does not sit on a continental shelf, and is of volcanic origin.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000222
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pasture
  • pasture
    Grassland used for grazing of ungulate livestock as part of a farm or ranch.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000266
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pasture
  • pasture
    Grassland used for grazing of ungulate livestock as part of a farm or ranch.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000266
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail peatland
  • peatland
    A wetland type that accumulates acidic peat, a deposit of dead plant material.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000044
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail prairie
  • prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail rice field Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river bank
  • river bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail slope
  • slope
    The part of an elevation or depression between the relatively flat surrounding area and the peak of a mount or the bottom of a depression.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002000
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swale
  • swale
    A low tract of land, especially when moist or marshy. The term can refer to a natural landscape feature or a human-created one. When created by humans, this open drain system is designed to manage water runoff.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000543
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail valley
  • valley
    A depression caused by erosion by water or ice. Low-lying land bordered by higher ground; especially elongate, relatively large gently sloping depressions of the Earth's surface, commonly situated between two mountains or between ranges of hills or mountains, and often containing a stream with an outlet.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000100
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
habitat
Additional detail non-marine IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
  • wetland indicator status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
wetland indicator status (NWPL)
Additional detail facultative wetland
  • facultative wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail facultative wetland
  • facultative wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail facultative wetland
  • facultative wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail obligate wetland National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail obligate wetland National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail obligate wetland National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail obligate wetland National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail obligate wetland National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail obligate wetland National Wetland Plant List  
elevation median
Additional detail 14.6 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
median Additional detail 1,417.5 m Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
mean Additional detail 64.5 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
min Additional detail -6 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
min Additional detail 10 m Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
max Additional detail 3,300 m Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
max Additional detail 859.8 m Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)  
fire resistance
Additional detail is fire resistant USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
allelopathic effect
Additional detail no known allelopathy
  • no known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
soil requirements
Additional detail adapted to coarse textured soils
  • adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to fine textured soils
  • adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to medium textured soils
  • adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs wet to average soils Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
drought tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
calcareous soil tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
moisture use
Additional detail medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
salt tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
shade tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs sun Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Juncus effusus</i>
life cycle habit
Additional detail perennial
  • perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
shedability
Additional detail deciduous
  • deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
bloom period
Additional detail summer
  • summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
active growth period
Additional detail spring
  • spring
    The season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
growth rate
Additional detail moderate
  • moderate
    Moderate rate. A rate which is neither relatively high nor low.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderateRate
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
after harvest regrowth rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
life span
Additional detail high life span
  • high life span
    Increased life span: A life span which is relatively high.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001603
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
grass growth type
Additional detail not a low growing grass
  • not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail will not resprout
  • will not resprout
    The plant will not resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
germination requirements
Additional detail cold stratification not required
  • cold stratification not required
    Cold stratification does not significantly increase the seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
fire tolerance
Additional detail high tolerance
  • high tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seed period end
Additional detail autumn
  • autumn
    The season between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seed period begin
Additional detail summer
  • summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail fruit/seed is persistent
  • fruit/seed is persistent
    The fruit or seed is persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seeds per pound average
Additional detail 45,359,242 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seed spread rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seedling survival
Additional detail high
  • high
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
vegetative spread rate
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seed ripening date
Additional detail July
  • July
    The seventh month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106186
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
seed per unit average
Additional detail 281,000 per ounce Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Juncus effusus</i>
  • soil pH
    The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
soil pH min
Additional detail 5.5 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 8.8 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • nitrogen fixation
    The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
nitrogen fixation
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
primary macronutrient requirements
Additional detail medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Juncus effusus</i>
population trend
Additional detail Stable IUCN  
conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Juncus effusus</i>
  • invasive/noxious listings
    Indicates whether a taxon is listed on a global or regional list of invasive organisms or whether it has special legal status due to its negative impact on human welfare or ecosystems.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/InvasiveNoxiousStatus
invasive/noxious listings
Additional detail Information Index for Selected Alien Plants in Hawaii
  • Information Index for Selected Alien Plants in Hawaii
    Organism is listed in the Information Index for Selected Alien Plants in Hawai. USDI, Geological Survey. (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Makawao, Hawaii. http://www.hear.org/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/alienPlantsInHawaii
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
livestock bloat potential
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
horticulture
Additional detail flower is not conspicuous
  • flower is not conspicuous
    Flowers are not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail fruit/seed is not conspicuous
  • fruit/seed is not conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail is not fall conspicuous
  • is not fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are not conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
  • not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • foliage porosity winter
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the winter months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorosityWinter
foliage porosity winter
Additional detail porous
  • porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being capable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices. (or, as in fungi, solids such as spores may be admitted through pores in the hymenium, for example)
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000984
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • foliage porosity summer
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the summer months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorositySummer
foliage porosity summer
Additional detail moderately porous
  • moderately porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderatePorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
human/livestock toxicity
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
hedge tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
planting density min
Additional detail 2,800 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 4,800 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
commercial availability
Additional detail routinely available
  • routinely available
    The plant is routinely available commercially.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/routinelyAvailable
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
plant propagation method
Additional detail cold moist stratification
  • cold moist stratification
    Cold moist stratification in a refrigerator in a plastic freezer bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationColdMoistStrat
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail dry seed storage Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail not propogated by bare root
  • not propogated by bare root
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by bulbs
  • not propogated by bulbs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by container
  • not propogated by container
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a container product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by corms
  • not propogated by corms
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by cuttings
  • not propogated by cuttings
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sod
  • not propogated by sod
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a sod product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by tubers
  • not propogated by tubers
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by seed
  • propogated by seed
    It is practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by sprigs
  • propogated by sprigs
    It is practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
grain type
Additional detail is not a small grain
  • is not a small grain
    The plant is not a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
uses
Additional detail no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
  • no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant does not produce berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
  • not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is not suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as Christmas tree product
  • not suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is not known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as lumber product
  • not suitable as lumber product
    The plant is not suitable, and has no potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as nursery stock product
  • not suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is not suitable for production of nursery stock.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as post product
  • not suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is not commonly used and does not have high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as pulpwood product
  • not suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as veneer product
  • not suitable as veneer product
    The tree is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for naval store products
  • not suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is not suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail used as fodder product
  • used as fodder product
    The plant is known to be used as animal fodder material. The definition of fodder from the Crop Science Society of America is: Coarse grasses such as corn or sorghum harvested with the seed and leaves green or alive, then cured and fed in their entirety as forage.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fodderYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
browse animal palatability
Additional detail high
  • high
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
graze animal palatability
Additional detail medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
protein potential
Additional detail medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
seed/spore extraction
Additional detail bag method
  • bag method
    Seeds easily fall when shaken or stripped into an open bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractBag
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail crack dry capsules
  • crack dry capsules
    Crack dry capsules under foot or with rolling pin.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractCrack
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

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