Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

BioLib.cz Import

Name Relationship
Encephalartos altensteinii Lehm. Preferred
Encephalartos marumii De Vreise Synonym

IUCN Red List

Name Relationship
Encephalartos altensteinii Lehm. Preferred
Encephalartos marumii De Vreise

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Encephalartos altensteinii Lehm. Preferred
Encephalartos glaber hort. ex J. Schust.
Zamia spinosa Lodd.
Encephalartos grandis hort. ex J. Schust.
Encephalartos van-den-heckei hort. ex J. Schust.
Encephalartos altensteinii var. spinosior Regel
Zamia elegantissima hort. ex J. Schust.
Zamia glabra hort. ex J. Schust.
Zamia vroomi hort.
Zamia katzeri Regel ex J. Schust.
Encephalartos marumii De Vreise
Zamia spinosa Lodd. Cat. 168 ex Miq.
Zamia spinosissima hort. Bel. ex Miq.
Zamia spinulosa hort. ex Miq.
Encephalartos altensteinii var. semidentatus Miq.
Encephalartos altensteinii var. angustifolia Miq.
Zamia altensteinii (Miq.) Heynh.
Encephalartos altensteinii var. eriocephalus de Vriese
Encephalartos regalis W. Bull
Encephalartos altensteinii var. distans Regel
Encephalartos altensteinii var. parvifolius Regel

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Encephalartos altensteinii Preferred
Encephalartos altensteinii Lehm. Authority

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Encephalartos altensteinii Lehm. Preferred
Encephalartos marumii de Vriese
Zamia vernicosa Mast.

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