The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 10.  Daubenmire, R. 1952. Forest vegetation of northern Idaho and adjacent        Washington, and its bearing on concepts of vegetation classification.        Ecological Monographs. 22(4): 301-330.  [25238]
  • 11.  Daubenmire, Rexford F.; Daubenmire, Jean B. 1968. Forest vegetation of        eastern Washington and northern Idaho. Technical Bulletin 60. Pullman,        WA: Washington State University, Agricultural Experiment Station. 104 p.        [749]
  • 12.  Dittberner, Phillip L.; Olson, Michael R. 1983. The plant information        network (PIN) data base: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and        Wyoming. FWS/OBS-83/86. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior,        Fish and Wildlife Service. 786 p.  [806]
  • 14.  Fowler, W. B.; Tiedemann, A. R. 1980. Phenological relationships of        Spiraea betulifolia Pall. and Apocynum androsaemifolium L. Northwest        Science. 54(1): 17-25.  [4057]
  • 15.  Franklin, Jerry F.; Dyrness, C. T. 1973. Natural vegetation of Oregon        and Washington. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-8. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range        Experiment Station. 417 p.  [961]
  • 17.  Geier-Hayes, Kathleen. 1989. Vegetation response to helicopter logging        and broadcast burning in Douglas-fir habitat types at Silver Creek,        central Idaho. Res. Pap. INT-405. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 24 p.        [6810]
  • 18.  Hansen, Paul; Pfister, Robert; Joy, John; [and others]
  • 19.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1973. Flora of the Pacific        Northwest. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. 730 p.  [1168]
  • 2.  Bradley, Anne Foster. 1984. Rhizome morphology, soil distribution, and        the potential fire survival of eight woody understory species in western        Montana. Missoula, MT: University of Montana. 183 p. Thesis.  [502]
  • 20.  Hoffman, George R.; Alexander, Robert R. 1987. Forest vegetation of the        Black Hills National Forest of South Dakota and Wyoming: a habitat type        classification. Res. Pap. RM-276. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment        Station. 48 p.  [1181]
  • 21.  Hungerford, Roger D. 1984. Native shrubs: suitability for revegetating        road cuts in northwestern Montana. Res. Pap. INT-331. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and        Range Experiment Station. 13 p.  [1220]
  • 23.  Lackschewitz, Klaus. 1991. Vascular plants of west-central        Montana--identification guidebook. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-227. Ogden, UT:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 648 p.  [13798]
  • 25.  Morgan, P.; Neuenschwander, L. F. 1988. Seed-bank contributions to        regeneration of shrub species after clear-cutting and burning. Canadian        Journal of Botany. 66: 169-172.  [3262]
  • 26.  Morgan, Penelope; Neuenschwander, Leon F. 1988. Shrub response to high        and low severity burns following clearcutting in northern Idaho. Western        Journal of Applied Forestry. 3(1): 5-9.  [3895]
  • 27.  Mueggler, Walter F.; Campbell, Robert B., Jr. 1982. Aspen community        types on the Caribou and Targhee National Forests in southeastern Idaho.        Res. Pap. INT-294. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 32 p.        [1713]
  • 28.  Nimlos, Thomas J.; Tomer, Mark. 1982. Mollisols beneath conifer forests        in southwestern Montana. Soil Science. 134(6): 371-375.  [7261]
  • 29.  Pengelly, W. Leslie. 1963. Timberlands and deer in the northern Rockies.        Journal of Forestry. 61: 734-740.  [175]
  • 3.  Brown, James K.; Simmerman, Dennis G. 1986. Appraising fuels and        flammability in western aspen: a prescribed fire guide. Gen. Tech. Rep.        INT-205. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Research Station. 48 p.  [544]
  • 30.  Pfister, Robert D.; Kovalchik, Bernard L.; Arno, Stephen F.; Presby,        Richard C. 1977. Forest habitat types of Montana. Gen. Tech. Rep.        INT-34. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 174 p.  [1878]
  • 32.  Scotter, George W.; Viti, Dale H. 1992. Bryophytes of the Melville Hills        region, Northwest Territories. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 106(1):        100-104.  [21175]
  • 33.  Stark, N. 1980. Light burning and the nutrient value of forage. Res.        Note INT-280. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 7 p.  [2223]
  • 35.  Steele, Robert; Geier-Hayes, Kathleen. 1989. The Douglas-fir/ninebark        habitat type in central Idaho: succession and management. Gen. Tech.        Rep. INT-252. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Research Station. 65 p.  [8136]
  • 36.  Steele, Robert; Pfister, Robert D.; Ryker, Russell A.; Kittams, Jay A.        1981. Forest habitat types of central Idaho. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-114.        Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain        Forest and Range Experiment Station. 138 p.  [2231]
  • 37.  Stickney, Peter F. 1985. Data base for early postfire succession on the        Sundance Burn, northern Idaho. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-189. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 121 p.  [7223]
  • 38.  Stickney, Peter F. 1990. Early development of vegetation following        holocaustic fire in Northern Rocky Mountains. Northwest Science. 64(5):        243-246.  [12715]
  • 39.  Thilenius, John Frederick. 1960. Forage utilization by cattle and        white-tailed deer on a northern Idaho forest range. Moscow, ID:        University of Idaho. 87 p. Thesis.  [5910]
  • 4.  Bushey, Charles L. 1985. Summary of results from the Galena Gulch 1982        spring burns (Units 1b). Missoula, MT: Systems for Environmental        Management. 9 p.  [567]
  • 40.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1937. Range plant        handbook. Washington, DC. 532 p.  [2387]
  • 42.  Wittinger, W. T.; Pengelly, W. L.; Irwin, L. L.; Peek, J. M. 1977. A        20-year record of shrub succession in logged areas in the cedar- hemlock        zone of northern Idaho. Northwest Science. 51(3): 161-171.  [6828]
  • 43. Youngblood, Andrew; Metlen, Kerry L.; Coe, Kent.  2006.  Changes in stand        structure and composition after restoration treatments in low elevation dry        forests of northeastern Oregon. Forest Ecology and Management. 234(1-3):        143-163.  [64992]
  • 6.  Clayton, James L. 1974. Clay mineralogy of soils in the Idaho Batholith.        Geological Society of America Bulletin. 85: 229-232.  [8191]
  • 7.  Cooper, Stephen V.; Neiman, Kenneth E.; Roberts, David W. 1991. (Rev.)        Forest habitat types of northern Idaho: a second approximation. Gen.        Tech. Rep. INT-236. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Intermountain Research Station. 143 p.  [14792]
  • 8.  Crane, M. F.; Fischer, William C. 1986. Fire ecology of the forest        habitat types of central Idaho. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-218. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 85 p.  [5297]
  • 9.  Crane, M. F.; Habeck, James R.; Fischer, William C. 1983. Early postfire        revegetation in a western Montana Douglas-fir forest. Res. Pap. INT-319.        Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain        Forest and Range Experiment Station. 29 p. plus chart.  [710]
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1103 External link.
  • Cronquist, A. J., N. H. Holmgren & P. K. Holmgren. 1997. Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A., subclass Rosidae (except Fabales). 3A: 1–446. In A. J. Cronquist, A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren, J. L. Reveal & P. K. Holmgren (eds.) Intermount. Fl. Hafner Pub. Co., New York.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1009715 External link.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/40417 External link.
  • Gleason, H. A. 1968. The Choripetalous Dicotyledoneae. vol. 2. 655 pp. In H. A. Gleason Ill. Fl. N. U.S. (ed. 3). New York Botanical Garden, New York.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1704 External link.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/637 External link.
  • Moss, E. H. 1983. Fl. Alberta (ed. 2) i–xii, 1–687. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1483 External link.
  • Pall. 1784. In: Fl. ross. 1. 33, t.16
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/636 External link.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978. Dicotyledoneae (Saururaceae to Violaceae). 3: 547–1115. In Fl. Canada. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1682 External link.
  • Wilson K.L. & Berendsohn W.G. (eds) (2013). IOPI Global Plant Checklist (version 10.0, Aug 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.

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