The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1.  Barber, William Hollis, Jr. 1976. An autecological study of salmonberry        (Rubus spectabilis, Pursh) in western Washington. Seattle, WA:        University of Washington. 154 p. Thesis.  [7189]
  • 11.  Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.        Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. 1392 p.  [1603]
  • 12.  Harper, James A. 1962. Daytime feeding habits of Roosevelt elk on Boyes        Prairie, California. Journal of Wildlife Management. 26(1): 97-100.        [8876]
  • 13.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1961. Vascular plants of the        Pacific Northwest. Part 3: Saxifragaceae to Ericaceae. Seattle, WA:        University of Washington Press. 614 p.  [1167]
  • 14.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1973. Flora of the Pacific        Northwest. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. 730 p.  [1168]
  • 16.  Janzen, Daniel H. 1984. Dispersal of small seeds by big herbivores:        foliage is the fruit. American Naturalist. 123(3): 338-353.  [6901]
  • 17.  Kartesz, John T.; Kartesz, Rosemarie. 1980. A synonymized checklist of        the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Volume        II: The biota of North America. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North        Carolina Press; in confederation with Anne H. Lindsey and C. Richie        Bell, North Carolina Botanical Garden. 500 p.  [6954]
  • 18.  Katibah, Edwin F.; Nedeff, Nicole E.; Dummer, Kevin J. 1984. Summary of        riparian vegetation aerial and linear extent measurements from the        Central Valley Riparian Mapping Project. In: Warner, Richard E.;        Hendrix, Kathleen M., eds. California riparian systems: Ecology,        conservation, and productive management: Proceedings of the conference;        1981 September 17-19; Davis, CA. Berkeley, CA: University of California        Press: 46-50.  [5824]
  • 19.  Kearney, Thomas H.; Peebles, Robert H.; Howell, John Thomas; McClintock,        Elizabeth. 1960. Arizona flora. 2d ed. Berkeley, CA: University of        California Press. 1085 p.  [6563]
  • 2.  Bernard, Stephen R.; Brown, Kenneth F. 1977. Distribution of mammals,        reptiles, and amphibians by BLM physiographic regions and A.W. Kuchler's        associations for the eleven western states. Tech. Note 301. Denver, CO:        U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. 169 p.        [434]
  • 20.  Kramp, Betty A.; Patton, David R.; Brady, Ward W. 1983. The effects of        fire on wildlife habitat and species. RUN WILD: Wildlife/ habitat        relationships. Albuerque, NM: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Southwestern Region, Wildlife Unit Technical Report. 29 p.        [152]
  • 22.  Laymon, Stephen A. 1984. Photodocumentation of vegetation and landform        change on a riparian site, 1880-1980: Dog Island, Red Bluff, California.        In: Warner, Richard E.; Hendrix, Kathleen M., eds. California riparian        systems: Ecology, conservation, and productive management: Proceedings        of a conference; 1981 September 17-19; Davis, CA. Berkeley, CA:        University of California Press: 150-159.  [5833]
  • 24.  Munz, Philip A. 1973. A California flora and supplement. Berkeley, CA:        University of California Press. 1905 p.  [6155]
  • 25.  Munz, Philip A. 1974. A flora of southern California. Berkeley, CA:        University of California Press. 1086 p.  [4924]
  • 28.  Roberts, Warren G.; Howe, J. Greg; Major, Jack. 1980. A survey of        riparian forest flora and fauna in California. In: Sands, Anne, editor.        Riparian forests in California: Their ecology and conservation:        Symposium proceedings. Davis, CA: University of California, Division of        Agricultural Sciences: 3-19.  [5271]
  • 3.  Brinkman, Kenneth A. 1974. Rubus L.  blackberry, raspberry. In:        Schopmeyer, C. S., ed. Seeds of woody plants in the United States.        Agriculture Handbook No. 450. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service: 738-743.  [7743]
  • 30.  Van Dersal, William R. 1938. Native woody plants of the United States,        their erosion-control and wildlife values. Washington, DC: U.S.        Department of Agriculture. 362 p.  [4240]
  • 31.  Welsh, Stanley L.; Atwood, N. Duane; Goodrich, Sherel; Higgins, Larry        C., eds. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoir No. 9. Provo,        UT: Brigham Young University. 894 p.  [2944]
  • 32.  Willoughby, John W.; Davilla, William. 1984. Plant species composition        and life form spectra of tidal streambanks and adjacent riparian        woodlands along the lower Sacramento River. In: Warner, Richard E.;        Hendrix, Kathleen M., eds. California riparian systems: Ecology,        conservation, and productive management: Proceedings of a conference;        1981 September 17-19; Davis, CA. Berkeley, CA: University of California        Press: 642-651.  [5866]
  • 33.  Core, Earl L. 1974. Brambles. In: Gill, John D.; Healy, William M.,        compilers. Shrubs and vines for Northeastern wildlife. Gen. Tech. Rep.        NE-9. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service:        16-19.  [8923]
  • 4.  Burrill, Larry C.; Braunworth, William S., Jr.; William, Ray D.; [and        others]
  • 5.  Carson, Robert G.; Edgerton, Paul J. 1989. Creating riparian wildlife        habitat along a Columbia River impoundment in northcentral Washington.        In: Wallace, Arthur; McArthur, E. Durant; Haferkamp, Marshall R.,        compilers. Proceedings--symposium on shrub ecophysiology and        biotechnology; 1987 June 30 - July 2; Logan, UT. Gen. Tech. Rep.        INT-256. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Research Station: 64-69.  [5924]
  • 6.  Crane, M. B. 1940. Reproductive versatility in Rubus. I. Morphology and        inheritance. Journal of Genetics. 40: 109-118.  [8443]
  • 7.  Dale, Nancy. 1986. Flowering plants: The Santa Monica Mountains, coastal        and chaparral regions of southern California. Santa Barbara, CA: Capra        Press. In coooperation with: The California Native Plant Society. 239 p.        [7605]
  • 9.  Ferguson, Robert B. 1983. Use of rosaceous shrubs for wildland plantings        in the Intermountain West. In: Monsen, Stephen B.; Shaw, Nancy,        compilers. Managing Intermountain rangelands--improvement of range and        wildlife habitats; Proceedings of symposia; 1981 September 15-17; Twin        Falls, ID; 1982 June 22-24; Elko, NV. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-157. Ogden,        UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest        and Range Experiment Station: 136-149.  [915]
  • Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereine zu Bremen 4: 183. 1874. (Oct 1874) (Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen)
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Rubi Germanici, Descripti et Figuris Illustrati 46, pl. 20. 1822. (Rubi German.)
  • Wilson K.L. & Berendsohn W.G. (eds) (2013). IOPI Global Plant Checklist (version 10.0, Aug 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.

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