The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (January2004) External link.
  • 2. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G., and Moore, D.M. (1987) Flora of the British Isles. 3rd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • 3. Preston, C.D., Pearman, D.A. and Dines, T.D. (2002) New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 4. Mabey, R. (1996) Flora Britannica. Sinclair-Stevenson, London.
  • 5. Wiggington, M.J. (1999) British red Data Books 1: Vascular Plants. 3rd Edition. JNCC, Peterborough.
  • 6. Plants for a Future (January 2004) External link.
  • 7. (January 2004) External link.
  • 8. Grigson, G. (1996) The Englishman’s Flora. Helicon Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
  • AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique.
  • Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Rubus fruticosus agg. L.
  • Species Plantarum 1: 493. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Wilson K.L. & Berendsohn W.G. (eds) (2015). IOPI Global Plant Checklist (version 10.0, Aug 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.


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