Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Protula tubularia (Montagu 1803) Preferred
Protula tubularia (Montagu 1803) Synonym
Protula tuburalia (Montagu, 1803)
Protula protensa not Gmelin, Philippi, 1844
Protula borealis M. Sars, 1866
Protula capensis McIntosh, 1885
Protula elegans Milne Edwards, 1845
Protula meilhaci Soulier, 1908
Protula protensa not (Gmelin, 1791), sensu Philippi, 1844
Protula rudolphi Risso, 1826
Protula tabularia (Montagu, 1803)
Protula tubularia capensis
Protula tubularia tubularia
Psygmobranchus elegans (Milne Edwards, 1845)
Psygmobranchus intermedius Marion, 1875
Psygmobranchus pratensis (Gmelin, 1791)
Psygmobranchus protensus not Gmelin, sensu Philippi, 1844
Psygmobranchus simplex Quatrefages, 1866
Psygmobranchus tubularis (Montagu, 1803)
Serpula arundo Turton, 1819
Serpula tubularia Montagu, 1803


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