Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for Haliotis (Padollus) dalli Henderson, 1915
Catalog Number: USNM 96392
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): United States Fish Commission
Year Collected: 1888
Locality: Santa Maria Island, South of, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, South Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 61.3 to 61.3
Vessel: Albatross R/V
  • Holotype: Henderson, J. B. 1915. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 48(2091): 661, pl. 45,46.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 60 - 79.5
  Temperature range (°C): 16.552 - 17.791
  Nitrate (umol/L): 17.352 - 25.339
  Salinity (PPS): 34.887 - 35.065
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.388 - 2.529
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.493 - 1.923
  Silicate (umol/l): 14.481 - 17.341

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 60 - 79.5

Temperature range (°C): 16.552 - 17.791

Nitrate (umol/L): 17.352 - 25.339

Salinity (PPS): 34.887 - 35.065

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.388 - 2.529

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.493 - 1.923

Silicate (umol/l): 14.481 - 17.341
 
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Wikipedia

Haliotis dalli

Haliotis dalli, common name the Galápagos abalone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Haliotidae, the abalones.[1]

It has been confused in the past with Haliotis pourtalesii Dall, 1881, that occurs off Florida. This was due to the destruction of the holotype of Haliotis pourtalesii in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.

Subspecies

Description[edit]

The description given by W.H. Dall in 1889 of Haliotis pourtalesii matches exactly the description used in 1915 by J.B. Henderson in describing Haliotis dalli, with W.H. Dall agreeing. [2]

"The small shell has a pale brick-red color, with white dots on some of the spirals. The shell is rather elevated, with about two and a half whorls. The apex is small and prominent. It contains about 25 holes of which five remain open. The margins of these are rather prominent. Outside the row of holes the usual sulcus is strongly marked. About midway from the suture to the lines of holes is a raised rib, rather obscure, but differing in different individuals and corresponding to an internal sulcus. Between the central ridges and the suture there are no undulations or transverse ridges of consequence. The sculpture consists of well marked, rather flattish, spiral, close-set threads, sometimes with a single finer intercalary thread, overlaid by smaller rather compressed transverse ridges, in harmony with the incremental lines. On top of the spirals the ridges bulge like the threads of worsted on canvas embroidery. The spire is situated well forward and with subvertical sides. The interior surface is pearly. The coil of the spire is rather close and the margin of the columella is flattened." [3]

This species differs from most other Haliotis species by having a very narrow lateral tooth in the radula and having concentric rings on the cephalic tentacles. It shares these characteristics only with Haliotis roberti (which has become the subspecies Haliotis dalli roberti, (McLean, 1970)) and Haliotis pourtalesii and the subspecies Haliotis pourtalesii aurantium (Simone, 1998) [4]

Distribution[edit]

This species occurs in the Pacific Ocean off the Galapagos Islands and Western Colombia.

References[edit]

  • Geiger D.L. & Owen B. (2012) Abalone: Worldwide Haliotidae. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. viii + 361 pp.
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