Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Unarmed shrubs. Leaves simple and entire, alternate. Flowers in axillary or terminal clusters. Calyx 5(-6)-toothed, not enlarging in fruit. Corolla narrowly funnel-shaped (in ours) with 5(-6) reflexed lobes, c.1/4 as along as tube. Stamens arising at base of corolla tube. Ovary 2-locular. Fruit a berry.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:146
Specimens with Sequences:160
Specimens with Barcodes:118
Species:45
Species With Barcodes:39
Public Records:70
Public Species:38
Public BINs:0
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Cestrum

Cestrum is a genus of - depending on authority - 150-250 species of flowering plants in the family Solanaceae. They are native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Americas, from the southernmost United States (Florida, Texas: day-blooming cestrum, C. diurnum) south to the Bío-Bío Region in central Chile (green cestrum, C. parqui). They are colloquially known as cestrums or jessamines (from "jasmine", due to their fragant flowers).

They are shrubs growing to 1–4 m (3 ft 3 in–13 ft 1 in) tall. Most are evergreen; a few are deciduous. All parts of the plants are toxic, causing severe gastroenteritis if eaten.

Uses and ecology[edit]

Several species are grown as ornamental plants for their strongly scented flowers. Some are invasive species. Especially notorious is green cestrum (C. parqui) in Australia, where it can cause serious losses to livestock which eat the leaves (particularly of drying broken branches) unaware of their toxicity.[1]

C. laevigatum is employed by wajacas (shamans) of the Craós (Krahós, Krahô) tribe in Brazil. It is used "to see far", i.e. to aid in divination. Like the other hallucinogenic plants consumed by them, Craós wajacas consider it a potent entheogen, not to be taken by the uninitiated.[2]

Cestrum species are used as food by the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera species. These include the glasswing (Greta oto), the Antillean clearwing (Greta diaphanus)[3] and Manduca afflicta, which possibly[verification needed] feeds only on day-blooming cestrum. It is either known or suspected that such Lepidoptera are able to sequester the toxins from the plant, making them noxious to many predators.

Cestrum species are reported as piscicidal.[4][5][6]

Selected species[edit]

Day-blooming cestrum (C. diurnum), the northernmost species
Green cestrum (C. parqui), the southernmost species

References[edit]

  1. ^ North West Weeds (2003): Green cestrum. Version of 2003-APR-15. Retrieved 2007-NOV-14.
  2. ^ Rodrigues, Eliana & Carlini, E.A. (2006): Plants with possible psychoactive effects used by the Krahô Indians, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 28(4): 277-282. PDF
  3. ^ A. Sourakov, T. C. Emmel (1995). "Life history of Greta diaphana from the Dominican Republic (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)". Tropical Lepidoptera 6 (2): 155–157. 
  4. ^ CS JAWALE, LB DAMA (2010). "Haematological Changes In The Fresh Water Fish, Exposed To Sub-Lethal Concentration Of Piscicidal Compounds From (Fam: Solanaceae)". National Journal of Life Sciences 7 (1): 82–84. 
  5. ^ Chetan Jawale, Rambhau Kirdak, Laxmikant Dama (2010). "Larvicidal activity of Cestrum nocturnum on Aedes aegypti". Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology 5 (1): 39–40. doi:10.3329/bjp.v5i1.4714. 
  6. ^ Jawale C. S., DamaL. B., Pawar Kishor, Dama S.B. and Shaikh Yasmeen (2012). Cestrum nocturnum (L) A Prospective Piscicide for Control of Predatory Fish Channa punctatus (Bloch.). TrendsFisheries Res. 1(1): 14-17.

Further reading[edit]

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