- Reid, D.G. (1986). The littorinid molluscs of mangrove forests in the Indo-Pacific region. British Museum (Natural History), London. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=5928
- Branch, G.M. et al. (2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression. David Philip, Cate Town & Johannesburg. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=6561
- BRANCH M.L., GRIFFITHS C.L., KENSLEY B., SIEG J. 1991. The benthic Crustacea of subantarctic Marion and Prince Edward Islands: Illustrated keys to the species and results of the 1982-1989 University of Cape Town Surveys. South African Journal of Antarctic Research, 21(1): 3-44. http://www.vliz.be/vmdcdata/masdea/masdea.php?p=sourcedetails&id=5221
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.
Depth range (m): 1 - 5
Temperature range (°C): 29.241 - 29.241
Nitrate (umol/L): 0.806 - 0.806
Salinity (PPS): 33.706 - 33.706
Oxygen (ml/l): 4.502 - 4.502
Phosphate (umol/l): 0.089 - 0.089
Silicate (umol/l): 3.088 - 3.088
Depth range (m): 1 - 5
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Based on studies in:
USA: Hawaii (Swamp)
This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
- G. E. Walsh, An ecological study of a Hawaiian mangrove swamp. In: Estuaries, G. H. Lauff, Ed. (AAAS Publication 83, Washington, DC, 1967), pp. 420-431, from p. 429.
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Littoraria scabra
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
Barcode data: Littoraria scabra
There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank. Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species. See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen. Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Download FASTA File
The size of an adult shell varies between 15 mm and 40 mm.
|This section requires expansion. (May 2011)|
This species is distributed in the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean along Aldabra, Chagos, South Africa, Kenya, Madagascar, the Mascarene Basin, Mauritius, Mozambique, the Seychelles and Tanzania; in the Pacific Ocean along Hawaii and New Zealand.