The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Abbott, RT & PA Morris. 1995. A field guide to shells: Atlantic and Gulf coasts and the West Indies, 4th edition. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston, MA. USA.
  • Abbott, RT. 1974. American seashells: the marine Mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North America. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. New York, NY. USA.
  • Andrade, SCS & VN Solferini. 2006. The influence of size on the radula of Littoraria angulifera (Gastropoda: Littlorinidae). Malacologia. 49: 1-5.
  • Andrews, J. 1994. A field guide to shells of the Florida coast. Gulf Publishing Co. Houston, Texas. USA. 182 pp.
  • Chaves, AMR. 2002. Entre o seco e o molhado, do costão ao manguezal: distribuição de gastrópodes fa família Littorinidae em gradients vertical e horizontal no litoral do estado de São Paulo. Master's Thesis. Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Brazil.
  • Gallagher, SB & GK Reid. 1979. Population dynamics and zonation in the periwinkle snail, Littorina angulifera, of the Tampa Bay, Florida region. Nautilus. 94: 162-178.
  • Kaplan, EH. 1988. A field guide to southeastern and Caribbean seashores: Cape Hatteras to the Gulf coast, Florida, and the Caribbean. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston, MA. USA. 425 pp.
  • Kohlmeyer, J & B Bebout. 1986. On the occurrence of marine fungi in the diet of Littorina angulifera and observations on the behavior of the periwinkle. Mar. Ecol. 7: 333-343.
  • Merkt, RE & AM Ellison. 1998. Geographic and habitat-specific variation of Littoraria (Littorinopsis) angulifera (Lamarck, 1822). Malacologia. 40: 279-295.
  • Ruppert, EE & RD Barnes. Invertebrate zoology, 6th edition. Saunders College Publishing. Orlando, FL. USA. 1056 pp.
  • Tanaka, MO & RC Maia. 2006. Shell morphological variation of Littoraria angulifera among and within mangroves in NE Brazil. Hydrobiologia. 559: 193-202.


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