Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) Preferred
Litorina incarnata Philippi, 1846 Synonym
Litorina sulcata Menke, 1830
Litorina groenlandica Menke, 1830
Litorina marmorata L. Pfeiffer, 1839
Littorina tenebrosa costulata Middendorff, 1849
Littorina saxatilis tractibus Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961
Littorina nervillei Dautzenberg 1893
Littorina nervillei major Pallary in Seurat, 1924
Littorina tenebrosa elatior Middendorff, 1849
Littorina tenebrosa zonatus Middendorff, 1849
Littorina tenebrosa tessellatus Middendorff, 1849
Littorina saxatilis rudis (Maton, 1797)
Littorina saxatilis nojensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964
Littorina saxatilis rubrolineata Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967
Littorina tenebrosa densecostulata Middendorff, 1849
Littorina tenebrosa intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850
Littorina saxatilis rubra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971
Littorina nigrolineata Gray 1839
Littorina simplex Reeve 1857
Littorina tenebrosa grisolacteus Middendorff, 1849
Littorina saxatilis nigra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971
Littorina saxatilis Johnston, 1842
Littorina tenebrosa rubidus Middendorff, 1849
Littorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. maculata Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1963
Littorina saxatilis jugosa var. bynei Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina rudis major Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina rudis laevis Jeffreys, 1865
Littorina rudis globosa Martel, 1901
Littorina rudis globosa Jeffreys, 1865
Littorina saxatilis flammulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina rudis fasciata Dautzenberg, 1887
Littorina saxatilis fulva Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina rudis alticola Dacie, 1917
Littorina rudis albida Dautzenberg, 1887
Littorina rudis elatior Middendorff, 1849
Littorina rudis brevis Dautzenberg, 1887
Littorina rudis aurantia Dautzenberg, 1887
Littorina saxatilis jugosa var. tenuis James, 1968
Littorina saxatilis conoidea Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina saxatilis lineata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina saxatilis scotia Graham, 1988
Littorina saxatilis sellensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964
Littorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. bizonaria James, 1963
Littorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. biinterrupta Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1963
Littorina saxatilis sanguinea Coen, 1933
Littorina saxatilis tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803)
Littorina saxatilis clarilineata Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971
Littorina saxatilis lugubris Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina rudis conoidea Schlesch, 1916
Littorina saxatilis lagunae Barnes, 1993
Littorina saxatilis interrupta Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961
Littorina saxatilis hieroglyphica Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961
Littorina saxatilis groenlandica (Menke, 1830)
Littorina saxatilis gascae Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971
Littorina saxatilis fusca Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina saxatilis rudis var. rudissimoides James, 1968
Littorina saxatilis abbreviata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina rudis finmarchia Herzenstein, 1885
Littorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. elata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina saxatilis groenlandica var. sculpta Schlesch, 1931
Littorina saxatilis minor Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina saxatilis elongata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina saxatilis trifasciata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912
Littorina saxatilis salvati Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967
Littorina saxatile saxatile La Roque, 1953
Littorina rudis tessellata Dautzenberg, 1893
Littorina rudis tenebrosapallida L.E. Adams, 1896
Littorina rudis sulcata Martel, 1901
Turbo rudis Maton 1797
Turbo obligatus Say 1822
Littorina rudis similis Jeffreys, 1865
Turbo rudissimus Johnston 1842
Littorina danieli Locard 1886
Littorina castanea Deshayes in Deshayes & Milne Edwards, 1843
Littorina palliata turritella Schlesch, 1916
Littorina rudis rubescens Monterosato, 1878
Littorina rudis scotia S.M. Smith, 1979
Littorina saxoides Nardo, 1847
Littorina zonaria Bean 1844
Littorina saxatilis zonata Daniel, 1883

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) Preferred
Littorina obligatus (Say, 1822) Junior synonym
Littorina vestita (Say, 1822)
Littorina castanea Deshayes, 1843
Littorina davidus (Roding, 1798)
Littorina jugosa (Montagu, 1803)

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