The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (September, 2003) http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nbn/ External link.
  • 2. Fish, J.D. and Fish, S. (1989) A student's guide to the seashore. Unwin Hyman Ltd., London.
  • 3. Pizzolla, P.F. (2002) Littorina obtusata. Flat periwinkle. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme. [On-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. (November, 2003) http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/Littorinaobtusata.htmhttp://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/Littorinaobtusata.htm External link.
  • 4. Gibson, R., Hextall, B. and Rogers, A. (2001) Photographic Guide to the Sea & Shore Life of Britain and North-west Europe. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Bequaert, J. C., 1943. The genus Littorina in the western Atlantic. Johnsonia, no. 7, pp.
  • Bouchet P., Gofas S. & Rosenberg G. (2015). WoRMS Mollusca: World Marine Mollusca database (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Delsman, H. C., 1914. Entwicklungsgeschichte von Littorina obtusata. Tijdschr. Nederl Dierkundige Vereeniging, ser. 2 13: 170-340.
  • Dyntaxa. 2013. Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013].
  • Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2352 External link.
  • Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C., (1996). Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2311 External link.
  • Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.), (1995b). Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2307 External link.
  • Hertling, H., and W. E. Ankel 1927. Bemerkungen über Laich und Jugendformen von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland,.
  • Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2680 External link.
  • JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid,   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2307 External link.
  • Lebour, M. V., 1937. The eggs and larvae of the British prosobranchs with special reference to those living in the plankton. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 22: 105-166.
  • Linke, O., 1935. Der Laiche von Littorina (Melaraphe) neritoides L. Zool. Anz., 112:.
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp.
  • Littorina obtusata agg.
  • NBN (National Biodiversity Network), (2002). National Biodiversity Network gateway. http://www.searchnbn.net, 2008-10-31 00:00:00   http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2307 External link.
  • Pelseneer, P., 1911. Recherches sur l'embryologie des Gasteropods. Mem. Acad. Roy., Belgique, ser. 2, 3: 1-167.
  • Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., (1998). BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin., http://www.itsligo.ie/biomar/http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesbibliography.php?species=2307 External link.
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 278 (1947).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 287 (1947).
  • Reid D.G. 1996. Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society 463p.
  • Reid, D.G. 1989. The comparative morphology, phylogeny and evolution of the gastropod family Littorinidae. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 324: 1-110.
  • SCOUPPE Christian, ZIEMSKI Frédéric, in : DORIS, 26/2/2009 : Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758), http://doris.ffessm.fr
  • Turgeon, D. D., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, W. K. Emerson, W. G. Lyons, W. Pratt, et al. 1988. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 16. vii + 277
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526

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