Overview

Brief Summary

Living Material

This has not been investigated in the Woods Hole, Mass., area. In European waters, the animals breed from January until June.

  • Hertling, H., 1928. Beobachtungen und Versuche an den Eiern von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland, 17 (2): 1-49.
  • Hertling, H., and W. E. Ankel 1927. Bemerkungen über Laich und Jugendformen von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland,.
  • Lebour, M. V., 1937. The eggs and larvae of the British prosobranchs with special reference to those living in the plankton. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 22: 105-166.
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Comprehensive Description

Description

 A common, small sea snail with a distinctly conical shape. Generally a pale horn-colour becoming purplish towards the apex. Brown bands on whorls quite characteristic but sometimes faint or absent. Up to 12 mm high and 5 mm wide.The taxonomy of the Gastropoda has been recently revised (see Ponder & Lindberg 1997, and Taylor 1996). Ponder & Lindberg (1997) suggest that Mesogastropoda should be included in a monophyletic clade, the Caenogastropoda.
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Distribution

Less frequently the north and west coasts of France On suitable weed-covered shores on all British and Irish coasts
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Arctic Ocean to Rhode Island; Alaska to California
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Ecology

Habitat

intertidal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary
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Depth range based on 113 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 11 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -3 - 97
  Temperature range (°C): 6.920 - 11.855
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.976 - 7.088
  Salinity (PPS): 31.893 - 35.184
  Oxygen (ml/l): 6.107 - 6.561
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.418 - 0.943
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.362 - 15.658

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -3 - 97

Temperature range (°C): 6.920 - 11.855

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.976 - 7.088

Salinity (PPS): 31.893 - 35.184

Oxygen (ml/l): 6.107 - 6.561

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.418 - 0.943

Silicate (umol/l): 2.362 - 15.658
 
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Depth range based on 41 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 6 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -2 - 20
  Temperature range (°C): 3.424 - 4.181
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.584 - 1.242
  Salinity (PPS): 25.879 - 27.165
  Oxygen (ml/l): 7.135 - 7.199
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.051 - 0.097
  Silicate (umol/l): 6.395 - 11.388

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -2 - 20

Temperature range (°C): 3.424 - 4.181

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.584 - 1.242

Salinity (PPS): 25.879 - 27.165

Oxygen (ml/l): 7.135 - 7.199

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.051 - 0.097

Silicate (umol/l): 6.395 - 11.388
 
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 Commonly found near the low tide level or in shallow water on seaweed. Often common on Fucus serratus and dense red seaweed turf. Inhabits a wide variety of coastlines but requires the shelter of crevices or dense weed in more exposed areas.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Egg Characteristics

Cleavage is total, equal and of a typical spiral nature. Information concerning the nature of gastrulation is apparently not available.

  • Hertling, H., 1928. Beobachtungen und Versuche an den Eiern von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland, 17 (2): 1-49.
  • Hertling, H., and W. E. Ankel 1927. Bemerkungen über Laich und Jugendformen von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland,.
  • Lebour, M. V., 1937. The eggs and larvae of the British prosobranchs with special reference to those living in the plankton. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 22: 105-166.
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Reproduction

Cleavage and Gastrulation

Development is slow, but fluctuates widely with the temperature. Hertling (1928) states that by the thirteenth day, the velum is visible. By the fifteenth day, the larvae are showing lively movements, and by the seventeenth day, the shell anlage appears. Hatching occurs on the twenty-sixth day. The exact temperature for the above developmental schedule is not given, but it is presumed to be slightly below 20• C.

  • Hertling, H., 1928. Beobachtungen und Versuche an den Eiern von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland, 17 (2): 1-49.
  • Hertling, H., and W. E. Ankel 1927. Bemerkungen über Laich und Jugendformen von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland,.
  • Lebour, M. V., 1937. The eggs and larvae of the British prosobranchs with special reference to those living in the plankton. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 22: 105-166.
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Breeding Season

Breeding adults can be maintained in laboratory aquaria. They should be supplied with Fucus or other sea-weed, for, as noted above, it is on these plants that the eggs are usually deposited.

  • Hertling, H., 1928. Beobachtungen und Versuche an den Eiern von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland, 17 (2): 1-49.
  • Hertling, H., and W. E. Ankel 1927. Bemerkungen über Laich und Jugendformen von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland,.
  • Lebour, M. V., 1937. The eggs and larvae of the British prosobranchs with special reference to those living in the plankton. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 22: 105-166.
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Growth

Rate of Development

Lebour (1937) describes the newly-hatched veliger as having well-formed eyes, otocysts, foot, and operculum. The mouth is open. The shell consists of 1-1/2 whorls, and is clear, colorless, and lacking in sculpturing. The velum has long cilia, and is marked by a brownish-red border. For diagrams of the larva, consult the papers of Lebour (1937) and Hertling (1928).

  • Hertling, H., 1928. Beobachtungen und Versuche an den Eiern von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland, 17 (2): 1-49.
  • Hertling, H., and W. E. Ankel 1927. Bemerkungen über Laich und Jugendformen von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland,.
  • Lebour, M. V., 1937. The eggs and larvae of the British prosobranchs with special reference to those living in the plankton. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 22: 105-166.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lacuna vincta

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Obtaining Gametes

The eggs are golden, cream or greenish in color, and measurements of their diameter range from 103 to 180 microns (Lebour, 1937; Hertling and Ankel, 1927). Each egg is surrounded by an inner membrane and an outer capsule which swells as development proceeds. The number of eggs in each mass is large, varying between 1000 and 1200. They are sensitive to rising temperature, but apparently can withstand quite rigorous experimental treatment (Herding, 1928).

  • Hertling, H., 1928. Beobachtungen und Versuche an den Eiern von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland, 17 (2): 1-49.
  • Hertling, H., and W. E. Ankel 1927. Bemerkungen über Laich und Jugendformen von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland,.
  • Lebour, M. V., 1937. The eggs and larvae of the British prosobranchs with special reference to those living in the plankton. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 22: 105-166.
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Care of Adults

The eggs are deposited in a clear, gelatinous capsule, which is covered by a thin, lens-shaped panicle. The egg-mass is in the form of a ring which is often oval in outline. Although it measures only about 3 mm. across when freshly laid, it swells enormously during the course of development. Photographs of the egg-mass are available in the paper by Hertling and Ankel (1927).

  • Hertling, H., 1928. Beobachtungen und Versuche an den Eiern von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland, 17 (2): 1-49.
  • Hertling, H., and W. E. Ankel 1927. Bemerkungen über Laich und Jugendformen von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland,.
  • Lebour, M. V., 1937. The eggs and larvae of the British prosobranchs with special reference to those living in the plankton. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 22: 105-166.
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Wikipedia

Lacuna vincta

Lacuna vincta, common name the northern lacuna, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Littorinidae, the winkles or periwinkles.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Description[edit]

The maximum recorded shell length is 13 mm.[2]

Habitat[edit]

The minimum recorded depth for this species is 0 m, and the maximum recorded depth is 60 m.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lacuna vincta (Montagu, 1803). Gofas, S. (2009). Lacuna vincta (Montagu, 1803). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2009) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140170 on 6 June 2010.
  2. ^ a b Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLoS ONE 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213
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Notes

Special comments

The adults are common on sea-weed at Nobska Beach.

  • Hertling, H., 1928. Beobachtungen und Versuche an den Eiern von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland, 17 (2): 1-49.
  • Hertling, H., and W. E. Ankel 1927. Bemerkungen über Laich und Jugendformen von Littorina und Lacuna. Wiss. Meeres. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere, N. F., Abt. Helgoland,.
  • Lebour, M. V., 1937. The eggs and larvae of the British prosobranchs with special reference to those living in the plankton. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc., 22: 105-166.
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