Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in rivers and lakes. Adults feed on other freshwater fishes and even birds. Young are preyed on by introduced Micropterus salmoides. The flesh is edible; but the eggs are poisonous to eat.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Caribbean Islands: Cuba and Isla de la Juventud.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Central America: Western Cuba and Isla de la Juventud.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 2000 mm NG
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© FishWise Professional

Source: FishWise Professional

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Max. size

200 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 13498))
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Type Information

Type for Atractosteus tristoechus
Catalog Number: USNM 12496
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): F. Poey
Locality: Cuba, Greater Antilles, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic
  • Type: Poey, F. 1860. Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba, acompanadas de sumarios Latinos y extractos en Frances. 2 (Section 2): 159.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; freshwater; brackish
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Trophic Strategy

Found in rivers and lakes. Feeds on other freshwater fishes and even birds.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Atractosteus tristoechus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

TATATAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTCGGAACCGCCCTA---AGCCTCTTAATTCGAGCAGAACTAAGCCAGCCTGGAACCCTCCTTGGAGAT---GACCAAATTTATAACGTCATCGTTACAGCGCACGCTTTCGTCATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAGTTATAATTGGCGGGTTCGGGAACTGACTTGTCCCTTTAATA---ATTGGCGCCCCCGACATAGCCTTTCCCCGGATAAACAACATAAGCTTCTGACTTCTTCCACCCTCCTTCCTACTCCTCCTGGCCTCATCAGGAATTGAGGCCGGGGCCGGAACCGGATGAACGGTCTACCCGCCCCTAGCCAGCAATCTCGCACACGCAGGAGCATCTGTTGATTTA---ACCATTTTTTCCCTTCACTTAGCCGGAATTTCATCAATCCTAGGCGCCATCAATTTTATCACGACTATTCTAAACATAAAACCACCCGCAGCTTCTCAGTACCAAACACCCCTATTTGTTTGGTCCGTCTTAATTACAGCAGTTCTATTATTACTCTCCCTGCCAGTCTTAGCAGCA---GGAATTACAATACTATTAACGGACCGCAATCTCAATACTACCTTCTTTGACCCTGCAGGAGGAGGAGACCCGATCCTTTATCAACACCTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Atractosteus tristoechus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquaculture: experimental
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Cuban gar

The Cuban gar (Atractosteus tristoechus) is a fish in the Lepisosteidae family.[1] It is found in Western Cuba and the Isla de la Juventud.[2]

The Cuban Gar is a tropical freshwater fish (18 °C - 23 °C) , although also inhabits brackish water lives in rivers and lakes and is found in the Demersal zone of Western Cuba and Isla de la Juventud.[3] The Cuban gar is around 100 cm in length (unsexed),[4] but can grow as large as 200 cm (unsexed).[5] Adult Cuba Gar feed on freshwater fishes and birds. Young are prey to the introduced largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). The flesh of the fish is edible but the eggs are poisonous for humans.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Atractosteus tristoechus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 12 Sep 2012. 
  2. ^ "Atractosteus tristoechus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)". Fish Base. Retrieved 12 Sep 2012. 
  3. ^ Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl, 1985. Aquarien atlas. Band 2. Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde GmbH, Melle, Germany. 1216 p.
  4. ^ Wiley, E.O., 1978. Lepisosteidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Vol. 3. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome.
  5. ^ Lee, D.S., S.P. Platania and G.H. Burgess, 1983. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes, 1983 supplement. Occasional Papers of the North Carolina Biological Survey no. 1983-6. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, N.C. 67 p
  6. ^ Lee, D.S., S.P. Platania and G.H. Burgess, 1983. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes, 1983 supplement. Occasional Papers of the North Carolina Biological Survey no. 1983-6. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, N.C. 67 p.


Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!