Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in rivers and lakes. Adults feed on other freshwater fishes and even birds. Young are preyed on by introduced Micropterus salmoides. The flesh is edible; but the eggs are poisonous to eat.
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Distribution

Caribbean Islands: Cuba and Isla de la Juventud.
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Central America: Western Cuba and Isla de la Juventud.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 2000 mm NG
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Max. size

200 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 13498))
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Type Information

Type for Atractosteus tristoechus
Catalog Number: USNM 12496
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): F. Poey
Locality: Cuba, Greater Antilles, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic
  • Type: Poey, F. 1860. Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba, acompanadas de sumarios Latinos y extractos en Frances. 2 (Section 2): 159.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; freshwater; brackish
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Trophic Strategy

Found in rivers and lakes. Feeds on other freshwater fishes and even birds.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Atractosteus tristoechus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

TATATAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTCGGAACCGCCCTA---AGCCTCTTAATTCGAGCAGAACTAAGCCAGCCTGGAACCCTCCTTGGAGAT---GACCAAATTTATAACGTCATCGTTACAGCGCACGCTTTCGTCATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAGTTATAATTGGCGGGTTCGGGAACTGACTTGTCCCTTTAATA---ATTGGCGCCCCCGACATAGCCTTTCCCCGGATAAACAACATAAGCTTCTGACTTCTTCCACCCTCCTTCCTACTCCTCCTGGCCTCATCAGGAATTGAGGCCGGGGCCGGAACCGGATGAACGGTCTACCCGCCCCTAGCCAGCAATCTCGCACACGCAGGAGCATCTGTTGATTTA---ACCATTTTTTCCCTTCACTTAGCCGGAATTTCATCAATCCTAGGCGCCATCAATTTTATCACGACTATTCTAAACATAAAACCACCCGCAGCTTCTCAGTACCAAACACCCCTATTTGTTTGGTCCGTCTTAATTACAGCAGTTCTATTATTACTCTCCCTGCCAGTCTTAGCAGCA---GGAATTACAATACTATTAACGGACCGCAATCTCAATACTACCTTCTTTGACCCTGCAGGAGGAGGAGACCCGATCCTTTATCAACACCTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Atractosteus tristoechus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquaculture: experimental
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Wikipedia

Cuban gar

The Cuban gar (Atractosteus tristoechus) is a fish in the Lepisosteidae family.[1] It is found in Western Cuba and the Isla de la Juventud.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Atractosteus tristoechus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 12 Sep 2012. 
  2. ^ "Atractosteus tristoechus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)". Fish Base. Retrieved 12 Sep 2012. 
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