Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Ogcocephalus pumilus is found in the western central Atlantic off the coast of Suriname, and in the Caribbean Sea.
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Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean Sea and off Suriname.
  • Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.) 1983 Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608)
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Western Atlantic.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 4; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 3 - 4; Vertebrae: 19
  • Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.) 1983 Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608)
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Size

Maximum size: 61 mm SL
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Max. size

6.1 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 13608))
  • Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.) 1983 Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608)
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Diagnostic Description

Pectoral fin membrane thin and translucent, no fleshy pad on ventral surface of rays (Ref. 13608). A pale gray species generally lacking of any markings, at most, it has light gray spots. Smaller than vespertilio, reaching only about 7 cm SL. Subopercular lateral line scale count usually 6 (5-7) (Ref. 40824)..
  • Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.) 1983 Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608)
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Type Information

Paratype for Ogcocephalus pumilus Bradbury
Catalog Number: USNM 190467
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1959
Locality: Saba Bank., Leeward Islands, Saba, Netherlands Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic
Depth (m): 91 to 91
Vessel: Oregon
  • Paratype: Bradbury, M. G. 1980. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series. 42 (7): 272.
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Paratype for Ogcocephalus pumilus Bradbury
Catalog Number: USNM 185984
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1958
Locality: Off British Guiana [sic]., Guyana, Atlantic
Depth (m): 57 to 71
Vessel: Oregon
  • Paratype: Bradbury, M. G. 1980. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series. 42 (7): 272.
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Holotype for Ogcocephalus pumilus Bradbury
Catalog Number: USNM 188812
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1957
Locality: Off Surinam [sic]., Suriname, Atlantic
Depth (m): 64 to 64
Vessel: Oregon
  • Holotype: Bradbury, M. G. 1980. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series. 42 (7): 272.
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Paratype for Ogcocephalus pumilus Bradbury
Catalog Number: USNM 188759
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1960
Locality: NW Bahama Islands, Santaren Channel., Bahama Islands, Bahamas, Bahamian Archipelago, Atlantic
Depth (m): 165 to 188
Vessel: Silver Bay
  • Paratype: Bradbury, M. G. 1980. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series. 42 (7): 272.
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Paratype for Ogcocephalus pumilus Bradbury
Catalog Number: USNM 108353
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1933
Locality: Puerto Rico, Greater Antilles, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic
Depth (m): 82
Vessel: Caroline
  • Paratype: Bradbury, M. G. 1980. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series. 42 (7): 272.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Ogcocephalus pumilus is a demersal species that has a depth range of 35-348 m. Most species from the Ogcocephalidae family occur well offshore on mud or sand bottoms (FAO 2002).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 35 - 348 m (Ref. 40824)
  • Bradbury, M.G. 1980 A revision of the fish genus Ogcocephalus with descriptions of new species from the western Atlantic Ocean (Ogcocephalidae: Lophiiformes). Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 42(7):229-285. (Ref. 40824)
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Depth range based on 19 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 10 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 15 - 457
  Temperature range (°C): 17.305 - 26.467
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.638 - 13.401
  Salinity (PPS): 36.145 - 36.776
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.521 - 4.658
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.105 - 0.637
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.231 - 5.353

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 15 - 457

Temperature range (°C): 17.305 - 26.467

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.638 - 13.401

Salinity (PPS): 36.145 - 36.776

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.521 - 4.658

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.105 - 0.637

Silicate (umol/l): 1.231 - 5.353
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 60 - 120m.
From 60 to 120 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Richman, N. & Collen, B.

Reviewer/s
Polidoro, B. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s
De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P. & Smith, J. and Livingston, F.

Justification
Ogcocephalus pumilus has been assessed as Least Concern. This relatively small species is of no commercial importance to fisheries and it is unlikely that it is being impacted by any major threat processes at present. In order to determine if this species is likely to suffer significant population declines in the future, further research is needed on the population size, ecology, and potential threats to this species.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for Ogcocephalus pumilus.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Species from the Ogcocephalidae family are rarely eaten and there is no commercial fishery for them (FAO 2002). While in the Caribbean Sea, there are significant impacts from over-fishing of reef resources, oil pollution, and land erosion leading to siltation as a result of deforestation (NOAA 2003), it is considered unlikely that these are acting as major threats to Ogcocephalus pumilus at present.
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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for Ogcocephalus pumilus. However, the distribution of this species may coincide with numerous marine protected area designations, including seven in Suriname and 31 around the Bahamas (Wood 2007).

Further research into the population size, ecology, and potential threats to this species is needed, as little information is currently available.
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