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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Aster amellus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Aster amellus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Aster amellus

Aster amellus, the European Michaelmas Daisy, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the genus Aster, belonging to the Asteraceae family.

Etymology[edit]

The genus name (Aster) comes from the Greek and means "star-shaped flower." The specific name (amellus) is first used in the Georgics (Book IV, 271-280), a poem of the Latin poet Publius Vergilius Maro (70 BC - 19 BC), but the etymology is obscure and uncertain.

Description[edit]

Aster amellus reaches on average a height of 20–50 centimetres (7.9–20 in). The stem is erect and branched, the leaves are dark green. The basal leaves are obovate and petiolated, the cauline ones are alternate and sessile, increasingly narrower and lanceolate. The flowers are lilac. The flowering period extends from July through October. The hermaphroditic flowers are either self-fertilized (autogamy) or pollinated by insects (entomogamy). The seeds is an achene that ripen in October.

Distribution[edit]

This plant is present on the European mountains from the Pyrenees and the Alps to the Carpathians. Outside Europe is located in western Asia (Turkey), the Caucasus, Siberia and Central Asia (Kazakhstan).

Cultivation[edit]

Asters are valued in the garden for the fact that they provide late summer and autumn colour in shades of blue, pink and white. This species has several cultivars of ornamental garden use. The following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-

  • 'Framfieldii'[1]
  • 'Jacqueline Genebrier'[2]
  • 'King George'[3]
  • 'Veilchenkönigin'[4]

Aster, Michaelmus Daisy.....also grow in abundance on Anarchist Mountain, near Osoyoos at our 3000. Ft. Level . Also other places in the South Okanagan valley. Here, on dry land and in pasture. Mountain can be roughly two weeks to a month later than valley bottom, lake level. Ten degrees cooler in summer heat and warmer in winter,with good snow cover, hence soil moisture available.

Habitat[edit]

The typical habitat is the rocky limy areas, the edges of the bushes and copses, but also the sub-alpine meadows, marshy places and lake sides. It prefers calcareous and slightly dry substrate with basic pH and low nutritional value, at an altitude of 0–800 metres (0–2,600 ft) above sea level.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Amellus officinalis Gaterau
  • Amellus vulgaris Opiz
  • Aster acmellus Pall.
  • Aster albus Willd. ex Spreng.
  • Aster amelloides Hoffm.
  • Aster amellus subsp. bessarabicus (Bernh. ex Rchb.) Soó
  • Aster atticus Pall.
  • Aster bessarabicus Bernh. ex Rchb.
  • Aster collinus Salisb.
  • Aster elegans Nees
  • Aster noeanus Sch.Bip. ex Nyman
  • Aster ottomanum Velen.
  • Aster pseudoamellus DC.
  • Aster purpureus Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.
  • Aster scepusiensis Kit. ex Kanitz
  • Aster tinctorius Wallr.
  • Aster trinervius Gilib.
  • Diplopappus asperrimus (Nees) DC.
  • Diplopappus laxus Benth.
  • Galatella asperrima Nees
  • Kalimares amellus (L.) Raf. ex B.D.Jacks. (1894)

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  • Plants for a Future
  • Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia (3 vol.) - Edagricole – 1982, Vol. III, pag. 20
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