Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Achillea crithmifolia is native to the Balkan Peninsula and the Carpathians. In Romania it is only found in the southern regions of the country (Badarau and Malos 2011). In Bulgaria it is widespread throughout the whole country and found at elevations up to 1500 metres asl (Assyov and Petrova 2006, Lipman 2009). This is an invasive species which has extended its naturalized range into western and central Europe (Greuter 2006-2009, CABI International 2012). It has been introduced into Sweden and into France, where the only confirmed occurrence is in a small area in the north east (INPN 2012). It has been reported in Austria, Czech Republic and Poland where it is found as a casual alien, but its precise distribution is unknown (Greuter 2006-2009). This species does not occur in Italy (Schede de botanica 2013). In Germany it is a locally naturalized neophyte; there is no information on localities (Bundesamt für Naturschutz 2012). In Switzerland there is only one record (Info Flora 2012).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Achillea crithmifolia is a perennial herb found on mesoxeric forest steppe, growing in bushy areas on rocky substrata in the Balkan and Pannonian regions where the average temperature exceeds 10°C (Badarau and Malos 2011).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Khela, S.

Reviewer/s
Leaman, D.J. & Miller, R.M.

Contributor/s
Ferakova, V., Hodálová, I., Király, G. & Turonova, D.

Justification
Global and European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
EU 27 regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)

Achillea crithmifolia is a montane perennial herb native to the Balkan Peninsula and the Carpathians. Though its populations seem to have declined in Hungary, due to habitat degradation resulting from a high level of game stock and non-beneficial forest management practices, it is now a protected species and is cultivated in Hungary. It is valued in Serbia for its medicinal properties, where there is a quota on its collection; however, the level of enforcement is unknown. There is no information available that suggests the population in the remainder of its range is under threat. It is therefore classified as Least Concern. More information is required on the population status and potential threats throughout its native range.
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Population

Population
The number of individuals is unknown but it is said to be frequent in its native range (Badarau and Malos 2011). The population in Hungary has declined, but as it is an invasive species the overall population is likely to be stable or increasing. It is listed on the Invasive Species Compendium.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
Overall habitat degradation, resulting from a high level of game stock and non-beneficial forest management practices, is responsible for the declines in Hungary (G. Király pers. comm. 2013). This species is collected for its medicinal properties in parts of its range, but it is not known whether this is significantly impacting wild populations; it is not a significant threat in Hungary.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This yarrow species is listed as Near Threatened in Hungary. It is included in the list of Hungarian protected species which are used as medicinal and aromatic plants, and which have been introduced into cultivation (Baricevic et al. 2004, Király 2007). In Slovakia it is a protected species, and was listed as Critically Endangered in 2001 (Feráková et al. 2001), though was more recently listed as Data Deficient (Eliáš et al. in prep.). In Serbia there is a quota (of unspecified quantity) in force, but the species is not legally protected; it is also a priority species for the Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Working Group in Turkey (Lipman 2009). It occurs in five Natura 2000 sites in Hungary and one in Romania (European Environment Agency 2010). More information is required on the population status and potential threats throughout its native range. Further taxonomic investigation of the native and allochthonous populations as well as differing cytotypes is required (V. Feráková and I. Hodálová pers. comm. 2013).
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