Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

A current-loving fish which prefers the montane habitat. Feeds upon aufwuchs and the encrusted invertebrates (mostly small crustaceans).
  • Kullander, S.O. 2003 Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
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Distribution

Central America: Atlantic slope, upper Tulija River in the Usumacinta River drainage, Mexico.
  • Kullander, S.O. 2003 Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
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Atlantic Slope of Mexico.
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Physical Description

Size

Max. size

12.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377))
  • Kullander, S.O. 2003 Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 20
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Trophic Strategy

A current-loving fish which prefers the montane habitat. Feeds upon aufwuchs and the encrusted invertebrates (mostly small crustaceans).
  • Conkel, D. 1993 Cichlids of North and Central America. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., USA. (Ref. 7335)
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Diseases and Parasites

Saccocoelioides Infection. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Posthodiplostomum Infestation 2. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Genarchella Infection. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Cladocystis Infection. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Ascocotyle Infestation 3. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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