Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is found off Turks and Caicos and south to Mona Island off Puerto Rico (Petuch pers. comm. 2011).
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Range Description

This species occurs off Guadeloupe, Martinique and several nearby islands of the Lesser Antilles (Petuch and Coltro pers. comm. 2011).
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Range Description

C. kirkandersi is endemic to the islands of Cozumel and Isla Mujeres, Quintana Roo, Mexico
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Range Description

This species is found in Hispaniola and possibly Jamaica (Petuch pers. comm. 2011). Its distribution is highly fragmented and it is only found at a few locations including Ile Gonave, Haiti, where it is subject to significant threats. The population on Jamaica is not confirmed (E. Petuch pers. comm. 2013).
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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Conus donnae Petuch, 1998
Catalog Number: USNM 1156278
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): R. Pace
Locality: Goulding Cays, off Andros, Bahamas, North Atlantic Ocean
Microhabitat: around rocks
Depth (m): 4
  • Paratype: Petuch, E. J. 1998. La Conchiglia. 30 (287): 31-32, figures 11-12.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found at depths of 5-20 m on coral reefs. Adults will typically grow to 20 mm (Rosenberg 2009)

Systems
  • Marine
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species lives at depths from 2-20 m under coral rubble on coral reefs. Adults of the species typically grow to 26 mm (Rosenberg 2009).

Systems
  • Marine
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species lives in coral rubble in reefs from 1- 4 m depth. Adults will typically grow to 19 mm.

Systems
  • Marine
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
A shallow water, reef-dwelling cone snail, this species has been found at depths from 3-10 m. Adults of the species may grow to 32 mm in length although will typically be less than this (Rosenberg 2009).

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 66 - 66
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Petuch, E.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Coltro, J.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is found in Turks and Caicos to Mona Island off Puerto Rico. There are no known threats. This species is listed as Least Concern.
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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Petuch, E.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Coltro, J.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species occurs off Guadeloupe, Martinique and several nearby lesser Antilles. There are no major threats. This species is listed as Least Concern.
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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Petuch, E.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Coltro, J.

Contributor/s

Justification
C. kirkandersi is endemic to Mexico and occurs off the island of Cozumel and further north at Isla Mujeres, Quintana Roo. It has a very restricted range and there are potential threats from coastal development. This species is listed as Near Threatened based on Criterion D2.
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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Petuch, E.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Coltro, J.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is highly fragmented in Hispaniola and possibly Jamaica. It is only found at a few locations including Ile Gonave, Haiti, where it is threatened by pollution, over-fishing and destruction of the reefs by blast-fishing and sediment build-up. It is very scarce in the market. This species is listed as Near Threatened, nearly meeting B2ab(iii).
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Population

Population
There are no recordings of population levels for this species in the literature.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Population

Population
There are no recordings of population levels for this species in the literature

Population Trend
Unknown
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Population

Population
There is no population information for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known threats to this species.
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Major Threats
There are no known threats to this species.
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Major Threats
This species is restricted in its range, occurring around islands with a coastline of approx 128 km. In common with many shallow water species of marine mollusc of restricted range they are at risk from over-gathering. The distribution of this species at the northern end of Cozumel Island coincides with a major town and a deep water cruise ship port, built in 1992. Increasing development and tourism could also be a threat to this species.
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Major Threats
This species is highly fragmented in its range and only found at a few locations including Ile Gonave, Haiti, where it is threatened by pollution, over-fishing and destruction of the reefs by blast-fishing and sediment build-up (E. Petuch pers. comm. 2013).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species
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Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus cardinalis

Conus cardinalis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Distribution

Description

The maximum recorded shell length is 32.2 mm.[2]

Habitat

Minimum recorded depth is 0 m.[2] Maximum recorded depth is 21 m.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Conus cardinalis Hwass in Bruguière, 1792.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLoS ONE 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.
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Conus magellanicus

Conus magellanicus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Distribution

Description

The maximum recorded shell length is 26 mm.[2]

Habitat

Minimum recorded depth is 0 m.[2] Maximum recorded depth is 26 m.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Conus magellanicus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLoS ONE 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.
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