Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs primarily off the Pacific coast of California from central California at the Farallon Islands south to southern Baja California, Mexico (Gilly et al. 2010, Tenorio et al. 2012).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species lives at depths of 0 to 30 m where it occurs on rocky reefs, on rocks, and on sandy substrate. It is common in tide pools (Tenorio et al. 2012). Adults may grow to 49 mm in length (www.schnr-specimen-shells.com) but will typically be less than this. This species is unusual in that it consumes worms, fish and molluscs rather than just one group.

Systems
  • Marine
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Conus californicus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 48 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TTATATATTTTATTTGGTATATGATCTGGGTTAGTTGGTACAGCTTTA---AGTTTACTTATTCGGGCTGAATTAGGTCAACCTGGAGCCTTATTAGGAGAT---GATCAGCTGTATAATGTTATTGTTACGGCTCATGCTTTCGTTATAATTTTTTTCTTGGTTATGCCTATGATAATTGGTGGTTTTGGTAACTGGTTGGTACCTTTAATA---CTTGGAGCACCTGATATGGTATTTCCACGACTGAATAATATAAGCTTTTGACTTTTACCCCCTGCTTTGTTATTACTTCTATCATCAGCTGCAGTGGAAAGAGGTGTGGGGACCGGATGAACGGTCTATCCCCCATTATCTGGAAACCTAGCTCATGCAGGAGGTTCGGTAGACTTG---GCCATTTTTTCATTGCACCTTGCTGGTGTTTCATCAATTTTAGGGGCAGTAAATTTTATTACAACAATTATCAACATACGATGACAAGGAATGCAATTTGAGCGTCTTCCTTTGTTTGTATGATCGGTGAAAATTACTGCTATTCTTTTACTTCTGTCGCTACCTGTGTTAGCAGGA---GCCATTACTATGCTTCTAACAGATCGAAACTTTAATACAGCTTTCTTTGATCCAGCAGGAGGTGGTGATCCGATCCTATATCAGCATTTG------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Conus californicus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 48
Specimens with Barcodes: 48
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Tenorio, M.J.

Reviewer/s
Coltro, J., Petuch, E. & Peters, H.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species occurs primarily off the Pacific coast of California from central California at the Farallon Islands south to southern Baja California, Mexico. There are no known threats. This species is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There are no population data available in the literature for this species.
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known material threats to this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus californicus

Conus californicus, common name the California cone, is a species of small, predatory sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails. As both the Latin name and common name suggest, this cone is found primarily in California. It is also the only cone found in California as well as the rest of western North America.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This small cone snail is unusual, most species are tropical whereas this species lives in the cooler, temperate waters of the eastern Pacific Ocean, including most of the coast of California.[2] The range of this species is from the Farallon Islands near San Francisco to Bahia Magdalena, in Baja California, Mexico. [1]

This cone is found in both rocky and sandy areas, in the intertidal zone and subtidally down to 30 meters depth. [2]

Shell description[edit]

This shell is distinguished by its grayish brown color and thick periostracum. It is round-shouldered with the aperture broader at the base. The spire is flat and the height of the shell ranges from 25–40 mm.[3]

Feeding habits[edit]

The California cone hunts and eats marine worms, fish and mollusks. It is also a scavenger.[2]

Gallery[edit]

Fossil record[edit]

Fossils of Conus californicus have been recovered from the Late Pleistocene strata of Isla Vista, California.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Conus californicus Reeve, 1844.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
  2. ^ a b Stewart J. & Gilly W. F. (October 2005). "Piscivorous Behavior of a Temperate Cone Snail, Conus californicus". Biological Bulletin 209: 146-153. full text.
  3. ^ McLean, James H., 1978 Marine Shells of Southern California, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Museum, Science Series 24, 51-52.
  4. ^ McMenamin, M. A. S. (1984). "Conus californicus from the Late Pleistocene of Isla Vista, California". Bulletin of the Southern California Paleontological Society 16 (1&2): 9. 
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