The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Elias, T. S. 1968. Flora of Panama, Part VI. Family 112. Vitaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 55(2): 81–92.
  • Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Lombardi, J. A. 2000. Vitaceae: Gêneros Ampelocissus, Ampelopsis e Cissus. Fl. Neotrop. 80: 1–250.
  • Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Reliquiae Haenkeanae 2(1): 35. 1831. (Reliq. Haenk.)
  • Species Plantarum 1: 117. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. Vitaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 293–302.
  • Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: i–xlii,.
  • WoRMS (2015). Cissus. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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