Overview

Comprehensive Description

Entirely black in color except for the eyes, sides and center line of pronotum, margins of corium, coxae, and posterior ends of abdominal segments, which are all red.
  • Göllner-Scheiding, U. (1980): Revision der afrikanischen Arten sowie Bemerkungen zu weiteren Arten der Gattungen Leptocoris Hahn, 1833, und Boisea Kirkaldy, 1910. Dtsch. ent. Z., N.F. 27, 103-148.
  • Göllner-Scheiding, U. (1983): General-Katalog der Familie Rhopalidae (Heteroptera). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 59, 37-189.
  • Aldrich, J.R., Carroll, S.P., Oliver, J.E., et al. (1990) Exocrine secretions of scentless plant bugs: Jadera, Boisea and Niesthrea species. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 18, 369-376.
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Distribution

Southern Canada, Eastern United States, Mexico, and Guatemala
  • Göllner-Scheiding, U. (1980): Revision der afrikanischen Arten sowie Bemerkungen zu weiteren Arten der Gattungen Leptocoris Hahn, 1833, und Boisea Kirkaldy, 1910. Dtsch. ent. Z., N.F. 27, 103-148.
  • Göllner-Scheiding, U. (1983): General-Katalog der Familie Rhopalidae (Heteroptera). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 59, 37-189.
  • Aldrich, J.R., Carroll, S.P., Oliver, J.E., et al. (1990) Exocrine secretions of scentless plant bugs: Jadera, Boisea and Niesthrea species. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 18, 369-376.
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© Scott Carroll/soapberrybug.org

Source: Soapberry Bugs of the World

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Ecology

Associations

Boxelder Bugs (Boisea trivittata) are usually found near their primary host, Boxelder Maple (Acer negundo), but have been found feeding on other trees as well, including Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum), oaks (Quercus spp.), and tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima) (Yoder and Robinson 1990 and references therein).

  • Yoder, K.M. and W.H. Robinson. 1990. Seasonal abundance and habits of the Boxelder Bug, Boisea trivittata (Say), in an urban environment. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 92(4): 802-897.
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General Ecology

Hosts: Acer grandidentatum (Bigtooth Maple), Acer negundo (Box Elder or Maple Ash), Acer saccharinum (Silver Maple, River Maple, or Soft Maple), Acer buergerianum (Trident Maple), and Sapindus saponaria (Soapberry)
  • Göllner-Scheiding, U. (1980): Revision der afrikanischen Arten sowie Bemerkungen zu weiteren Arten der Gattungen Leptocoris Hahn, 1833, und Boisea Kirkaldy, 1910. Dtsch. ent. Z., N.F. 27, 103-148.
  • Göllner-Scheiding, U. (1983): General-Katalog der Familie Rhopalidae (Heteroptera). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 59, 37-189.
  • Aldrich, J.R., Carroll, S.P., Oliver, J.E., et al. (1990) Exocrine secretions of scentless plant bugs: Jadera, Boisea and Niesthrea species. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 18, 369-376.
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Source: Soapberry Bugs of the World

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Boisea trivittata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Risks

The Boxelder Bug (Boisea trivittata) is often considered a household pest in the United States. Overwintering Boxelder Bugs may seek shelter in warm, protected areas around houses. Large aggregations in spring and fall may result in significant numbers entering houses, where their excrement may stain fabric. (Yoder and Robinson 1990)

  • Yoder, K.M. and W.H. Robinson. 1990. Seasonal abundance and habits of the Boxelder Bug, Boisea trivittata (Say), in an urban environment. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 92(4): 802-897.
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Wikipedia

Boxelder bug

The boxelder bug (Boisea trivittata) is a North American species of true bug. It is found primarily on boxelder trees, as well as maple and ash trees.[1] The adults are about 12.5 millimetres (0.49 in) long with a dark brown or black coloration, relieved by red wing veins and markings on the abdomen; nymphs are bright red.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Trivittata is derived from: Tri: Three + Vittata: Banded (Latin).[3]

Biology and taxonomy[edit]

These highly specialized insects feed almost exclusively on the seeds of Acer species. The boxelder bug is sometimes known as a garage beetle or may be confused with other Jadera spp., especially Boisea rubrolineata. The name "stink bug," which is more regularly applied to the family Pentatomidae, is sometimes erroneously used to refer to Boisea trivittata. Instead, these insects belong to the family Rhopalidae, the so-called "scentless plant bugs". However, boxelder bugs are redolent and will release a pungent and bad-tasting compound upon being disturbed to discourage predation; this allows them to form conspicuous aggregations without being preyed on.[4]

As pests[edit]

Although they specialize on Acer seeds, they may pierce plant tissues while feeding. They are not known to cause significant damage and are not considered to be agricultural pests.[citation needed] Removal of boxelder and other Acer species can help in control of bug populations.[5]

They may form large aggregations while sunning themselves in areas near their host plant (e.g. on rocks, shrubs, trees, and man-made structures). However, their congregation habits and excreta can annoy people; thus, they are considered nuisance pests. This is especially a problem during the cooler months, when they sometimes invade houses and other man-made structures seeking warmth or a place to overwinter. They remain inactive inside the walls (and behind siding) while the weather is cool. When the heating systems revive them, some may falsely perceive it to be springtime and enter inhabited parts of the building in search of food, water, and conspecifics. In the spring, the bugs leave their winter hibernation locations to feed and lay eggs on maple or ash trees; aggregations may be seen during this time and well into summer and early fall, depending on the temperature.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boxelder Bugs University of Minnesota
  2. ^ Göllner-Scheiding, U. (1983): General-Katalog der Familie Rhopalidae (Heteroptera). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 59, 37-189.
  3. ^ http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/vittatus
  4. ^ Aldrich, J.R., Carroll, S.P., Oliver, J.E., et al. (1990) Exocrine secretions of scentless plant bugs: Jadera, Boisea and Niesthrea species. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 18, 369-376.
  5. ^ "Boxelder Bugs: All about boxelder bugs and how to deal with them". boxelderbugs.net. 2011. Retrieved March 26, 2011. 
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