Overview

Comprehensive Description

General Description

In Alberta there are no other cactus bugs to confuse with Chelinidea vittiger. Chelinidea vittiger can be distinguished from other coreid genera by its generally wider abdomen and by having a row or two of ornamental, hind-femur spines. Other Chelinidea species with which to confuse C. vittiger are C. canyona and C. hunteri. The anterior leathery halves of the hemielytra have five visible veins, the second vein in from the outside is forked, and the posterior, membranous portion is intricately veined. Chelinidea hunteri has a small, non-flaring abdoment. Chelinidea vittiger's head is typically dark with a central tan or pale yellow stripe, though colouring ranges from completely tan to multicoloured (tans, reds and blacks). Chelinidea hunteri has a smaller rostrum but tan colouring (Herring 1980). Chelinidea vittiger's antennal have four, dark segments compared to Chelinidea canyona's antennae made of three, typically lighter, foliaceous antennae (antennae that are broad, flat, resembling succulents stems). Chelinidea canyona and Chelinidea vittiger only occur together at the southern portion of C. vittiger's range.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© University of Alberta Museums

Source: University of Alberta Museums

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Found across North America wherever Opuntia species grow. Found in the Lethbridge, short grass prairie biome, Southern Alberta.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© University of Alberta Museums

Source: University of Alberta Museums

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Type Information

Lectotype for Chelinidea vittiger Uhler, 1863
Catalog Number: USNM
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Entomology
Sex/Stage: Male;
Locality: Ft. Btn, Unknown
  • Lectotype: 366.; Herring.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Entomology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

This species is associated with Opuntia cactus species from Mexico to southern parts of Western Canada (Henry & Froeschner 1988).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© University of Alberta Museums

Source: University of Alberta Museums

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Trophic Strategy

The nymphs and the adults feed only on the vascular fluid of the host plant they were born on.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© University of Alberta Museums

Source: University of Alberta Museums

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Eggs are laid on the underside of Opuntia species stems, nymphs reside upon same plant for entire life times (Hunter 1912, reference not seen). These insects are highly host specific and can be displaced by novel invaders, making them poor biological control agents. This species was noted to starve rather than find a new host plant if its original was destroyed (Dodd 1940). This species is purported to be univoltine but may take two years to complete its life cycle in northern climes (Shuh and Slater 1995). The females are similar in morphology and colour to the males but larger (Herring 1980).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© University of Alberta Museums

Source: University of Alberta Museums

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Chelinidea vittigera

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

Not a concern.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© University of Alberta Museums

Source: University of Alberta Museums

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!