Wikipedia

Ferula

For the staff carried by a Pope called a ferula, see Papal ferula.

Ferula (from Latin ferula, "rod") is a genus of about 170 species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, native to the Mediterranean region east to central Asia, mostly growing in arid climates. They are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 1–4 m tall, with stout, hollow, somewhat succulent stems. The leaves are tripinnate or even more finely divided, with a stout basal sheath clasping the stem. The flowers are yellow, produced in large umbels. Many plants of this genus, especially F. communis are referred to as "giant fennel," although they are not fennel in the strict sense.

Selected species[edit]

Uses[edit]

The gummy resin of many species of Ferula is used for medical or culinary purposes:

Ferula assafoetida is used to make the spice asafoetida, or hing
Ferula gummosa makes galbanum
Ferula hermonis makes zallouh, an aphrodisiac
Ferula persica makes sagapenum
Ferula moschata makes sumbul
Ferula tingitana makes "African ammoniacum"
Silphium was used to make laserpicium

The Romans called the hollow light rod made from this plant a ferula (compare also fasces, judicial birches). Such rods were used for walking sticks, splints, for stirring boiling liquids, and for corporal punishment.

The ferula also shows up in mythological contexts. The main shaft of a thyrsus was traditionally made from this plant, and Prometheus smuggled fire to humanity by hiding it in a ferula as well.

The leaf aqueous-ethanol extract of Feruia foetida has shown antioxidant and antihemolytic activities.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tropicos.org". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Nabavi SM. Ebrahimzadeh MA. Nabavi SE. Eslami B. Dehpour AA (2011). "Antioxidant and antihaemolytic activities of Ferula foetida regel (Umbelliferae)". European Review for Medical & Pharmacological Sciences 15 (2): 157–64. 
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!