The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Annales Museum Botanicum Lugduno-Batavi 3(10): 299. 1867. (Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi)
  • Annales Museum Botanicum Lugduno-Batavi 3(9): 260. 1867. (Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi)
  • Annales Museum Botanicum Lugduno-Batavi 3: 295. 1867. (Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi)
  • Berg C.C. & Wiebes J.T. (1992) African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam
  • Berg, C. C. 1991. 156. Moraceae. Fl. Zambes. 9(6): 13–76.
  • Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
  • Berg, C.C. (1991) Moraceae FZ 9(6)
  • Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003) Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, S Africa
  • Fanshawe, D.B. 1950. Forest Products of British Guiana. Part II. Minor Forest Products. 81 pp. Forestry Bulletin No. 2 (New Series). Forest Department, British Guiana.
  • Fanshawe, D.B. 1954. Forest Products of British Guiana. Part I. Principal Timbers. 106 pp. Forestry Bulletin No. 1 (New Series). Forest Department, British Guiana.
  • Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Plotkin, M.J. 1986. Ethnobotany and Conservation of the Tropical Forest with Special Reference to the Indians of Southern Suriname. 402 pp. Ph.D. Dissertation. Tufts University.
  • Species Plantarum 2: 1059. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
  • Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: i–xlii,.
  • Van Ooststroom, S.J. 1934. Myristicaceae, pp. 113-122. In: Pulle, A., ed., Flora of Surinam. Vol. 2, Part 1. Amsterdam: J.H. De Bussy.
  • WoRMS (2014). Ficus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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