The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Deitz, Lewis L., and Christopher H. Dietrich. 1993. Superfamily Membracoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). I. Introduction and revised classification with new family-group taxa. Systematic Entomology, vol. 18, no. 4. 287-296
  • McGavin, George C. 1993. Bugs of the World. 192
  • Rafinesque, 1815


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