The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- "Umbonia crassicornis." F.W. Mead (retired), Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry; and Thomas R. Fasulo, University of Florida. University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences. http://entomology.ifas.ufl.edu/creatures/orn/thorn_bug.htm
- Deitz, Lewis L., and Christopher H. Dietrich. 1993. Superfamily Membracoidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha). I. Introduction and revised classification with new family-group taxa. Systematic Entomology, vol. 18, no. 4. 287-296
- McGavin, George C. 1993. Bugs of the World. 192
- Rafinesque, 1815
- “Membracidae.” Encyclopedia of Life, available from: http://www.eol.org/pages/605/entries/29044003/details
- “Membracidae” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.
- “Umbonia crassicorni.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umbonia_crassicornis
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