The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Conard, H. S. & J. P. L. Redfearn. 1979. How Know Mosses (ed. 2) viii + 302 pages.
  • Frye, T. C. & L. Clark. 1947 [1948]. Hepaticae of North America. Part V. Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 6: [i]–iii, 735–1022.
  • Furuki, T. & M. Mizutani. 1994. Checklist of Japanese Hepaticae and Anthocerotae, 1993. Proc. Bryol. Soc. Japan 6: 75–83.
  • Grolle, R. 1983. Hepatics of Europe including the Azores: an annotated list of species, with synonyms from recent literature. J. Bryol. 12: 403–459.
  • Hicks, M. L. 1992. Guide Liverw. North Carolina vii + 239 pp. Duke University, Durham & London.
  • Konstantinova, N. A., A. D. Potemkin & R. N. Schljakov. 1992. Check-list of the Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of the former USSR. Arctoa 1: 87–127.
  • Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1869: 226. 1869. (Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia)
  • Schuster, R. M. 1949. The ecology and distribution of Hepaticae in central and western New York. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 42: 513–712.
  • Schuster, R. M. 1953. Boreal Hepaticae, a manual of the liverworts of Minnesota and adjacent regions. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 49: [i–v] 257–684.
  • Schuster, R. M. 1992. Hepat. Anthocerotae N. Amer. 5. xvii + 854 pages. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Stotler, R. & B. Crandall-Stotler. 1977. A checklist of the liverworts and hornworts of North America. Bryologist 80: 405–428.
  • Type collection: Austin, C. F. 1869. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 21: 226.


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