Wikipedia

Burmannia (plant)

Burmannia is a genus of flowering plants long thought of as related to orchids, although more recent studies suggest closer affinities with either the Dioscoreales or the Melanthiales.[2][3][4] The plants are herbs, partially autotrophic (photosynthetic) but also partially parasitic on soil fungi.

Burmannia is native to tropical and subtropical parts of Africa, eastern Asia, Australia, and the Western Hemisphere. Three are regarded as native to the US:[1][5][6][7][8]

Species[1]
  1. Burmannia alba - Brazil, Paraguay
  2. Burmannia aprica - S Brazil
  3. Burmannia australis - Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia
  4. Burmannia bengkuluensis - Sumatra
  5. Burmannia bicolor - Cuba, N South America
  6. Burmannia bifaria - Java
  7. Burmannia biflora - Virginia to Texas; Cuba
  8. Burmannia candelabrum - India, Assam, Bangladesh
  9. Burmannia candida - Thailand, Myanmar, Sumatra
  10. Burmannia capitata - North Carolina to Texas, West Indies, S Mexico, C + S America
  11. Burmannia championii - S + E + SE Asia, New Guinea
  12. Burmannia chinensis - E India, Indochina, China, Ryukyu Is
  13. Burmannia cochinchinensis - Vietnam
  14. Burmannia coelestis - S + E + SE Asia, New Guinea, N Australia, Micronesia
  15. Burmannia compacta - S Venezuela
  16. Burmannia connata - Sumatra
  17. Burmannia cryptopetala - E Asia
  18. Burmannia damazii - C + SE Brazil
  19. Burmannia dasyantha - Colombia, Venezuela
  20. Burmannia disticha - S + E + SE Asia, New Guinea, N Australia
  21. Burmannia engganensis - Enggano I in W Indonesia
  22. Burmannia filamentosa - Guangdong in China
  23. Burmannia flava - S Florida, Chiapas, Cuba, C + S America
  24. Burmannia foliosa - S Venezuela
  25. Burmannia geelvinkiana - W New Guinea
  26. Burmannia gracilis - S Thailand, W Malaysia
  27. Burmannia grandiflora - Colombia, C Brazil
  28. Burmannia hexaptera - Cameroon, Gabon
  29. Burmannia indica - S India
  30. Burmannia itoana - China, Japan
  31. Burmannia jonkeri - Mato Grosso, Goiás
  32. Burmannia juncea - N Australia
  33. Burmannia kalbreyeri - C America, NW S America
  34. Burmannia larseniana - Thailand
  35. Burmannia latialata - tropical Africa
  36. Burmannia ledermannii - New Guinea, Palau
  37. Burmannia luteoalba - Phu-quoc I. in Cambodia; Vietnam
  38. Burmannia lutescens - Malaysia, Indonesia, Papuasia
  39. Burmannia madagascariensis - Madagascar, Mauritius, C + S Africa
  40. Burmannia malasica - S Thailand, SE Kalimantan
  41. Burmannia micropetala - New Guinea
  42. Burmannia nepalensis - Himalayas, E + SE Asia
  43. Burmannia oblonga - Hainan, Indochina, N Sumatra
  44. Burmannia polygaloides - S. Venezuela, NW Brazil
  45. Burmannia pusilla - India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Cambodia
  46. Burmannia sanariapoana - S Venezuela
  47. Burmannia sphagnoides - W Malaysia, Sumatra, W Borneo
  48. Burmannia steenisii - Java
  49. Burmannia stricta - S India
  50. Burmannia stuebelii - N Peru
  51. Burmannia subcoelestis - Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
  52. Burmannia tenella - N + C South America
  53. Burmannia tenera - Goiás, São Paulo
  54. Burmannia tisserantii - Central African Rep
  55. Burmannia vaupesiana - Colombia
  56. Burmannia wallichii - China, India, Indochina

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Jonker, F. P. 1938. A monograph of the Burmanniaceae. Mededeelingen van het Botanisch Museum en Herbarium van de Rijks Universiteit te Utrecht 51: 1–279.
  3. ^ Leake, J. R. 1994. Tansley review no. 69. The biology of myco-heterotrophic (‘saprophytic’) plants. New Phytologist 127: 171–216.
  4. ^ Wood, C. E. Jr. 1983. The genera of Burmanniaceae in the southeastern United States. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University 64: 293–307.
  5. ^ Flora of North America vol 26 p 486
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  7. ^ Flora of China Vol. 23 Page 121水玉簪属 shui yu zan shu Burmannia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 287. 1753.
  8. ^ Govaerts, R., Wilkin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2007). World Checklist of Dioscoreales. Yams and their allies: 1-65. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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