Burmannia (plant)

Burmannia is a genus of flowering plants long thought of as related to orchids, although more recent studies suggest closer affinities with either the Dioscoriales or the Melanthiales.[1][2][3] The plants are herbs, partially autotrophic (photosynthetic) but also partially parasitic on soil fungi.

There are about 60 accepted species of Burmannia, native to Africa, eastern Asia, and the Western Hemisphere. Only 3 are regarded as native to the US, none to Canada:[4]


  1. ^ Jonker, F. P. 1938. A monograph of the Burmanniaceae. Mededeelingen van het Botanisch Museum en Herbarium van de Rijks Universiteit te Utrecht 51: 1–279.
  2. ^ Leake, J. R. 1994. Tansley review no. 69. The biology of myco-heterotrophic (‘saprophytic’) plants. New Phytologist 127: 171–216.
  3. ^ Wood, C. E. Jr. 1983. The genera of Burmanniaceae in the southeastern United States. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University 64: 293–307.
  4. ^ Flora of North America vol 26 p 486
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