The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Allman, G.J. 1856. A monograph of the Fresh-water Polyzoa, including all the known species, both British and foreign. The Ray Society, 28: 1-119.
  • ArcOD species list provided by Falk Huettmann on. 2007. 1-25
  • Bock P. Gordon D. (2015). WoRMS Bryozoa: World List of Bryozoa (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Bock, P. (2015). Cristatella mucedo Cuvier, 1798. In: Bock, P.; Gordon, D. (2015) World List of Bryozoa. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Bushnell, J.H. Jr.1966. Environmental relations of Michigan Ectoprocta and dynamics of natural populatioins of Plumatella repens. Ecological Monographs, 36: 95-123.
  • Bushnell, J.R. Jr. & Rao, K.S. 1979. Freshwater Bryosoa: microarchitecture of statoblasts and some aufwuchs animal associations. In: G.P. Larwood & M.B. Abbott (Eds.). Advances in Bryozoology, Academic Press, London, pp. 75-92.
  • COROLLA Jean-Pierre, MASSARD Jos, MÜLLER Yves, GEIMER Gaby, in : DORIS, 6/4/2013 : Cristatella mucedo Cuvier, 1798,
  • Canning, E.U. Okamura, B, & Curry, A. 1997. A new microsporidium, Nosema cristatellae n. sp. in the bryozoan Cristatella mucedo (Bryozoa, Phylactolaemata). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 70: 177-183.
  • Charalambidou, Il, Santamaria, L. & Figuerola, J. 2003. Cristatella mucedo Cuvier 1798 (Bryozoa: Phylactolaemata) statoblasts survive duck gut passage. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 157: 547-554.
  • Figuerola, J. Green, A.J. Michot, T.C. 2005. Invertebrate eggs can fly: evidence of waterfowl-mediated gene flow in aquatic invertebrates. The American Naturalist, 165: 274-280.
  • Freeland, J.R. Lodge, R.J. & Okamura, B. 2003. Sex and outcrossing in a sessile freshwater invertebrate. Freshwater Biology, 48: 301-305.
  • Freeland, J.R. Noble, L.R. & Okamura, B. 2000a. Genetic consequences of the metapopulation biology of a facultatively sexual freshwater invertebrate. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 13: 383-395.
  • Freeland, J.R. Romualdi, C. & Okamura, B. 2000b. Gene flow and genetic diversity: a comparison of freshwater bryozoan populations in Europe and North America. Heredity, 85: 498-508.
  • Fuchs, J. Obst, M. & Sundberg, P. 2009. The first comprehensive molecular phylogeny of Bryozoa (Ectoprocta) based on combined analyses of nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52: 225-233.
  • Kamiński, M. 1984. Food composition of three bryozaon species (Bryozoa, Phylactolaemata) in a mesotrophic lake. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii, 31: 45-53.
  • Mouronval, J-P. Guillemain, M. Canny, A. & Poirier, F. 2007. Diet of non-breeding waterfowl Anatidae and Coot Fulicra atra on the Perthois gravel pits, northeast France. Wildfowl, 57: 68-97.
  • Mukai, H. 1982. Development of freshwater bryozoans (Phylactolaemata). In: F.W. Harrison & R.R. Cowden (Eds.), Developmental Biology of Freshwater Invertebrates. Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York, pp. 535-576.
  • Okamura, B. 1997. The ecology of subdivided populations of a clonal freshwater bryozoan in southern England. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 141: 13-34.
  • Okuyama, M. Wada, H. & Ishii, T. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships of freshwater bryozoans (Ectoprocta, Phylactolaemata) inferred from mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Zoologica Scripta, 35: 243-249.
  • Potter, R. 1979. Bryozoan karyotypes and genome sizes. In: Advances in Bryozoology (.). Academic Press, London. pp. 11-32.
  • Riisgård, H.U. Okamura, B. & Funch, P. In press. Particle capture in ciliary-feeding gymnolaemate and phylactolaemate bryozoans: a comparative study. Acta Zoologica, doi:10.1111/j.1463-6395.2009.00417.x
  • Tops, S. & Okamura, B. 2005. Malacosporean parasites (Myxozoa, Malacosporea) of freshwater bryozoans (Bryozoa, Phylactolaemata): a review. Denisia, 16: 287-298.
  • Tops, S., Curry, A. & Okamura, B. 2005. Diversity and systematics of the Malacosporea (Myxozoa). Invertebrate Biology, 124: 285-295.
  • Uotila, L. & Jokela, J. 1995. Variation in reproductive characteristics of colonies of the freshwater bryozoan Cristatella mucedo. Freshwater Biology, 34: 513-522.
  • Vernon, J.G. Okamura, B. Jones, C.S. & Noble, L.R. 1996.Temporal patterns of clonality and parasitism in a population of freshwater bryozoans. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B, 263: 1313-1318.
  • Weißmair, W. 2005. Spongilla-flies (Insecta: Neuroptera: Sisyridae) – parasites of Bryozoa. Denisia 16: 299-304.
  • Wood, T.S. & Okamura, B. 2005. A key to the freshwater bryozoans of Europe and the British Isles with ecological notes. Freshwater Biological Association Publication Scientific Publication No. 63, Freshwater Biological Association, The Ferry House, Far Sawrey, Ambleside, Cumbria, UK.


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