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Biology/Natural History: No information on the biology of this particular species is known. The following information is for Bryozoans in general. The individuals in a colony are interconnected. Their nervous systems are linked and nutrients can be passed from autozooids to the non-feeding heterozooids. Most bryozoans are hermaphroditic with members of each sex within the same colony. In most species, the embryos are yolky and the larva that develop are non-feeding. They swim briefly but soon settle, attach to new substratum and metamorphose into the ancestrula. In the colony, members can overgrow inferior competitors for space. The major predators of bryozoans include pycnogonids and nudibranchs but may also be eaten by sea urchins and chitins. Their calcification makes them unattractive prey. Bryozoans protect themselves chemically by the formation of secondary compounds, some of which have anti-cancer properties.

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© Rosario Beach Marine Laboratory

Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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