The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Atkins, D. & Rudwick, M.J.S., (1962). The lophophore and ciliary feeding mechanisms of the brachiopod Crania anomala (Müller). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 42, 469-480. External link.
  • Brunton, C.H.C. & Curry, G.B., (1979). British Brachiopods. London: Academic Press. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 17.] External link.
  • Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06. External link.
  • Cooke, A. H.; Shipley, A. E.; Reed, F. R. C. 1895. Molluscs; Brachiopods (Recent); Brachiopods (Fossil. London, England : Macmillan and Co. Cambridge Natural History, v.3; Figure 313
  • Emig, C.C.; Alvarez F.; Bitner M.A. (Ed) . (2013). WoRMS Brachiopoda: World Brachiopoda database (version 2013-03-04). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Emig, Christian. 2006. Systematics of extant brachiopod taxa.
  • Harper, D.A.T., (1991). The brachiopods Neocrania and Terebratulina from Galway Bay. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 23, 371-376. External link.
  • Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.] External link.
  • James, M.A., Ansell, A.D., Collins, M.J., Curry, G.B., Peck, L.S. & Rhoda, M.C., (1992). Biology of living brachiopods. Advances in Marine Biology, 28, 175-387. External link.
  • Long, J.A. & Stricker, S.A., (1991). Brachiopoda. In Reproduction of marine invertebrates, Vol. VI. Echinoderms and Lophophorates. (ed. A.C. Giese, J.S. Pearse & V.B. Pearse). California: The Boxwood Press. External link.
  • Müller O. F. 1776. Zoologiae Danicae Prodromus, seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum chracteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Typis Hallagerii, Havniae (Copenhague), 282 p. [Patella anomala nº 2870, p. 237 ; Anomia aculeata nº 3005, p. 249].
  • Rowell, A.J., (1960). Some early stages in the development of the brachiopod Crania anomala (Müller). Annals and Magazine of the Natural History Society, 13th Series, 3, 35-52. External link.
  • Rudwick, M.J.S., (1970). Living and fossil brachiopods. London: Hutchinson University Library External link.
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.


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