The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, Stoetzel, M. B., 1989
  • 2001. website, Hymenoptera Name Server
  • Bolton, B., 1979, The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World., Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology, pp. 129-181, vol. 38
  • Brian, M. 1965. Social Insect Populations. Great Britain: W & J Mackay & Co..
  • Day, E. 1998. "Pavement Ant" (On-line). Accessed 23 Nov 2001 at
  • Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux iles Canaries. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, pp. 81-88, vol. 62
  • Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances, pp. lxi-lxxvi, vol. 34
  • Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk, pp. 368-388, vol. 8
  • Forel, A., 1905, Miscellanea myrmicologiques, II (1905)., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, pp. 155-185, vol. 49
  • Güsten, R., 2006, Redescription of Tetramorium forte Forel, 1904 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a western Mediterranean ant species., Zootaxa, pp. 1-35, vol. 1310
  • Holldobler, B., E. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press.
  • Holldobler, B., E. Wilson. 1994. Journey to the Ants. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
  • Lapeva-Gjonova, Albena, 2010, Catalogue of the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Bulgaria, ZooKeys, pp. 1-124, vol. 62
  • Lothan Wildlife, 2002. "Pavement Ant" (On-line). Accessed 23 Nov 2001 at
  • Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, pp. 649-776, vol. 12
  • National Pest Management Association inc., 2001. "Welcome to the Pest World" (On-line). Accessed 23 Nov 2001 at
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa, pp. 1-68, vol. 936
  • Werner, F., C. Olson. 1994. Insects of the Southwest. Tuscon, AZ: Fisher Books.
  • Wheeler, W. 1910. Ants: Their Structure, Development and Behavior. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Wilson, E. 1971. The Insect Societies. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!