Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Perennial herbs, dying back each year, with corms. Leaves several. Inflorescence a spike. Flowers zygomorphic, salver-shaped to widely funnel-shaped, often strongly and sweetly scented, in our species pink, red or whitish in colour (much more colour variation elsewhere). Tepals ± equal or dorsal larger and hooded. Style filiform, each branch deeply divided and recurved. Fruit a capsule.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 5
Specimens with Sequences: 8
Specimens with Barcodes: 8
Species: 2
Species With Barcodes: 2
Public Records: 2
Public Species: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 2
Specimens with Sequences: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Public Records: 2
Public Species: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Freesia

For the manga, see Freesia (manga).

Freesia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, first described as a genus in 1866. It is native to the eastern side of southern Africa, from Kenya south to South Africa,[1] most species being found in Cape Province.[citation needed] Species of the former genus Anomatheca are now included in Freesia.[1] The plants commonly known as "freesias", with fragrant funnel-shaped flowers, are cultivated hybrids of a number of Freesia species. Some other species are also grown as ornamental plants.

Description[edit]

They are herbaceous plants which grow from a corm 1–2.5 cm diameter, which sends up a tuft of narrow leaves 10–30 cm long, and a sparsely branched stem 10–40 cm tall bearing a few leaves and a loose one-sided spike of flowers with six tepals. Many species have fragrant narrowly funnel-shaped flowers, although those formerly placed in the genus Anomatheca, such as F. laxa, have flat flowers.

Freesias are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Large Yellow Underwing.[citation needed]

Systematics[edit]

The genus was named in honor of Friedrich Heinrich Theodor Freese (1795–1876), German physician.[2]

Species[1]
  1. Freesia andersoniae L.Bolus - Cape Province, Free State
  2. Freesia caryophyllacea (Burm.f.) N.E.Br. (syn. F. elimensis L.Bolus, F. parva N.E.Br., F. xanthospila (DC.) Klatt) - Heuningrug region in Cape Province
  3. Freesia corymbosa (Burm.f.) N.E.Br. (syn. F. armstrongii W.Watson, F. brevis N.E.Br.) - Cape Province
  4. Freesia fergusoniae L.Bolus - Cape Province
  5. Freesia fucata J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Hoeks River Valley in Cape Province
  6. Freesia grandiflora (Baker) Klatt - Zaire, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, northeastern South Africa
  7. Freesia laxa (Thunb.) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning (syn. F. cruenta (Lindl.) Klatt) - from Rwanda + Kenya south to Cape Province; naturalized in Madeira, Mauritius, Réunion, Australia, Florida, Argentina
  8. Freesia leichtlinii Klatt (syn. F. middlemostii F.Barker, F. muirii N.E.Br.) - Cape Province; naturalized in Corsica, California, Florida, Argentina
  9. Freesia marginata J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province
  10. Freesia occidentalis L.Bolus (syn. F. framesii L.Bolus) - Cape Province
  11. Freesia praecox J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province
  12. Freesia refracta (Jacq.) Klatt (syn. F. hurlingii L.Bolus) - Cape Province; naturalized in France, Canary Islands, Madeira, Bermuda, St. Helena
  13. Freesia sparrmanii (Thunb.) N.E.Br. - Langeberg in Cape Province
  14. Freesia speciosa L.Bolus (syn. F. flava (E.Phillips & N.E.Br.) N.E.Br.) - Cape Province
  15. Freesia verrucosa (B.Vogel) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning (syn. F. juncea (Pourr.) Klatt) - Cape Province
  16. Freesia viridis (Aiton) Goldblatt & J.C.Manning - Namibia, Cape Province

Species of the former genus Anomatheca are now included in Freesia:[1]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

The plants usually called "freesias" are derived from crosses made in the 19th century between F. refracta and F. leichtlinii. Numerous cultivars have been bred from these species and the pink- and yellow-flowered forms of F. corymbosa. Modern tetraploid cultivars have flowers ranging from white to yellow, pink, red and blue-mauve. They are widely cultivated and readily increased from seed. Due to their specific and pleasing scent, they are often used in hand creams, shampoos, candles, etc.[citation needed]

They can be planted in the fall in USDA Hardiness Zones 9-10 (i.e. where the temperature does not fall below about −7 °C (20 °F)), and in the spring in Zones 4-8.[3]

Freesia laxa (formerly called Lapeirousia laxa or Anomatheca cruenta) is one of the other species of the genus which is commonly cultivated. Smaller than the scented freesia cultivars, it has flat rather than cup-shaped flowers.[4][5]

Extensive 'forcing' of this bulb occurs in Half Moon Bay in California where several growers chill the bulbs in proprietary methods to satisfy cold dormancy which results in formation of buds within a predicted number of weeks – often 5 weeks at 55 °F (13 °C).[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Search for "Freesia", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-08-13 
  2. ^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 149–52. ISBN 0-88192-897-6. 
  3. ^ Live to garden: Freesia
  4. ^ Mathew, Brian (1987), The Smaller Bulbs, London: B.T. Batsford, ISBN 978-0-7134-4922-8 , p. 9
  5. ^ Innes, Clive (1985), The World of Iridaceae, Ashington, UK: Holly Gate International, ISBN 978-0-948236-01-3 , p. 18
  • Goldblatt, P. (1982) Systematics of Freesia Klatt (Iridaceae) J. South African Bot. 48:39-93.
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!