The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Fisher, W.K. 1911. Asteroidea of the North Pacific and adjacent waters. 1. Phanerozonia and Spinulosida. Bulletin of the US National Museum, 76: xiii+420
  • Mah C.L. (2015). WoRMS Asteroidea: World Asteroidea database (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Straughan, Dale, and Richard W. Klink. 1980. A Taxonomic Listing of Common Marine Invertebrate Species from Southern California. Technical Reports of the Allan Hancock Foundation, no. 3. vi + 281


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