The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Arnold, Augusta Foote. 1903. Sea-Beach at Ebb-Tide. New York : Century Co.; Plate LIII
  • Campbell, A., (1994). Seashores and shallow seas of Britain and Europe. London: Hamlyn. External link.
  • Clark, Ailsa M., and Maureen E. Downey. 1992. Starfishes of the Atlantic. xxvi + 794
  • Coleman, N., 1991. Encyclopedia of Marine Animals, Harper Collins Publishers, New York, 161.
  • Gosner, K.L., 1978. Atlantic Seashore: Peterson Field Guides. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York, 260-1.
  • Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.), (1995b). Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. External link.
  • Haywood, P.J., and Ryland, J.S., 1995. Handbook of the Marine Fauna of Northwest Europe, Oxford University Press, 668.
  • Hickman, C.P., and Roberts, L.S., 1995. Animal Diversity, Wm. C. Brown Communications, Inc., Dubuque, IA, 228-232.
  • Himmelman, J.H., and Dutil, C., 1991. "Distribution, population structure and feeding of subtidal seastars in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence, Marine Ecology Press Series, Vol. 76, 61-72.
  • Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.] External link.
  • JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line], External link.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 12th ed. v. 1 (pt 2): 533-1327
  • Mah, C.L. (2013). WoRMS Asteroidea: World Asteroidea database (version 2013-03-04). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • McConnaughey, B.H., and E., 1985. Pacific Coast: The Audubon Society Nature Guides, Chanticleer Press, New York, 373, 462.
  • NBN (National Biodiversity Network), (2002). National Biodiversity Network gateway., 2008-10-31 00:00:00 External link.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • PETIT DE VOIZE Patrice, FEY Laurent, ALLARD Ginette, in : DORIS, 9/6/2012 : Crossaster papposus (Linnaeus, 1767),
  • Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., (1998). BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin., External link.
  • Sloan, N.A., 1979. "Starfish encounters: An experimental study of its advantages," Experientia (Basel), Vol. 35, No. 10, 1314-15.
  • Sloan, N.A., 1980. "The arm curling and terminal tube-foot responses of the asteroid Crossaster papposus," Journal of Natural History, Vol. 14, No. 4, 469-482.
  • Sloan, N.A., 1984. "Interference and Aggregation: Close Encounters of the Starfish Kind, Ophelia, Vo. 23, No. 1, 23-31.
  • Sloan, N.A., and Northway, S.M., 1982. "Chemoreception by the Asteroid Crossaster papposus," Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol. 61, No. 1, 85-98.
  • Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp.
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.


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