The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Boolootian, R. 1966. Physiology of Echinodermata. New York, London, Sydney: Interscience Publishers.
  • Buchsbaum, R., L. Milne. 1960. The Lower Animals; Living Invertebrates of the World. London: Hamish Hamilton.
  • Bumpus, H. C., 1898. The breeding of animals at Woods Holl during the month of May, 1898. Science, 8: 58-61.
  • Clark, H. L., 1902. The echinoderms of the Woods Hole region. Bull. U. S. Burl Fish., 22: 545-574.
  • Coe, W. R., 1912. Echinoderms of Connecticut. Conn. State Geol. and Nat. Hist. Surv., 19: 1-147.
  • D'yakonov, A. M. 1950. Sea Stars (Asteroids) of the USSR Seas. Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, no. 34. vi + 183
  • Dijkstra, J., L. Harris, E. Westerman. 2006. Distribution and long-term temporal patterns of four invasive colonial ascidians in the Gulf of Maine. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 342(1): 61-68.
  • Grzimek, D. 1972. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia Volume 3: Mollusks and Echinoderms. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.
  • Kozloff, Eugene N. 1987. Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. 511
  • Mah C.L. (2015). WoRMS Asteroidea: World Asteroidea database (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Mah, C.; Hansson, H. (2008). Henricia sanguinolenta (O.F. Müller, 1776). In: Mah, C.L. (2016). World Asteroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Masterman, A. T., 1902. The early development of Cribrella oculata (Forbes), with remarks on echinoderm development. Trans. Roy. Soc., Edinburgh, 40: 373-418.
  • Mead, A. D., 1898. The breeding of animals at Woods Holl during the month of April, 1898. Science, 7: 702-704.
  • Nicholas, D., J. Cooke. 1971. The Oxford Book of Invertebrates. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
  • Picton, B., C. Morrow. 2004. "Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland" (On-line). Henricia sanguinolenta. Accessed 07/14/04 at
  • Pollock, L. 1998. A Practical Guide to the Marine Animals of Northeastern North America. New Brunswick, New Jersey and London: Rutgers University Press.
  • Pratt, H. 1935. A Manual of the Common Invertebrate Animals Exclusive of Insects. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston's Son & Co., Inc..
  • Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp.


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