Comprehensive Description

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“Zoroaster actinocles, sp. n.



Rays 5. R=161 mm., r=11 mm., R=14.6r; breadth of ray at base, 13 mm. Rays slender, evenly tapered to the extremity, which is capped by a relatively large terminal plate; disk elevated at centre; carinal ridge rather prominent. Resembling a slender-rayed Z. fulgens, but differing in having the plates of the second, third, and fourth actinolateral series smaller, the fourth series being rudimentary; in having slenderer superomarginal spines (which are decidedly slen­derer than the carinal spines), fleshier spinelets, relatively larger carinal plates, never but one actinolateral spine to a plate; in having a decidedly larger terminal plate, and a large pedicellaria on the second (from furrow) adambulacral spine. The papular pores are small; there are five regular longitudinal series, with the beginning of a sixth at base of ray, on either side of the carinal plates—namely, two dorso­lateral, one intermarginal, 2+1 incomplete actinolateral series. Papulae solitary and small. Carinate or prominent adambulacral plates with a transverse series of five spines, the first deep in furrow, the second with a pedicellaria about 1.5 mm. long attached to its base.


Type-locality.----53° 12' N., 171° 37' W., 43.5 miles north­west of west point of Yunaska Island, Aleutian Islands, 1217 fathoms, fine black sand; bottom temperature 35.2° Fahr. (U.S. Fisheries steamer ‘Albatross,’ 1906).”



(Fisher, 1919: 390-391)


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Source: Antarctic Invertebrates Website (NMNH)

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