The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Fisher, W.K. 1930. Asteroidea of the North Pacific and Adjacent Waters, Pt. 3: Forcipulata (Concluded). Bulletin of the United States National Museum 76: 1-356.Pls. 1-93.
  • Holotype: Stimpson. 1857. Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 528, pl. 23, fig. 3.
  • Kozloff, Eugene N. 1987. Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. 511
  • Mah C.L. (2015). WoRMS Asteroidea: World Asteroidea database (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Mah, C. (2015). Pisaster brevispinus. In: Mah, C.L. (2015) World Asteroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=240757
  • R. J. Rosenthal, W. D. Clarke, P. K. Dayton, Ecology and natural history of a stand of giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera, off Del Mar, California. Fish. Bull. (Dublin) 72(3):670-684, from p. 683 (1974).

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