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Disk small, with 1–3 madreporites (in some cases up to 5 were observed). Six to nine (rarely 5 and unusually 7) thin, elongate (Fig. 9i, j), cylindrical arms, usually of different sizes, the larger ones grouped to one side and the smaller ones to the opposing side. Abactinal figs with one long, conical and pointed spine (~2.17 mm), with base densely surrounded by bivalve pedicallariae with overlapping valves (Fig. 9l). Carinal figs arranged in a regular series. Dorso-lateral figs forming a reticulum. Papular regions occuring on the abactinal and actinal surfaces. Among the abactinal figs, mainly in the intermediate areas, large bivalve pedicellariae are found. Pedicellariae of dorsal spines sessil and with overlapping bivalves, with denteate margins. Oral pedicallariae bivalve (Fig. 9m), consisting of a basal piece into which two valves with smooth margins fit in.

Colour. Specimens from Brazil vary from brown to orange colour (Ventura et al. 2007). According to Clark and Downey (1992), specimens from the Mediterranean are usually yellow or whitish-yellow with black or brown spots on abactinal surface and crowns of rusty-red pedicellariae. Individuals from the Bermudas, on the other hand, with dorsal surface purple and the oral surface yellow, blue or violet (Verrill 1915).


Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Anne Isabelley Gondim, Martin Lindsey Christoffersen, Thelma Lúcia Pereira Dias

Source: ZooKeys

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