The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Granja–Fernández R, Herrero-Pérezrul M, López-Pérez R, Hernández L, Rodríguez-Zaragoza F, Jones R, Pineda-López R (2014) Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) from coral reefs in the Mexican Pacific ZooKeys 406: 101–145   10.3897/zookeys.406.6306 External link.
  • Larrain A. 1995. Biodiversidad de equinodermos chilenos: estado actual del conocimiento y sinopsis biosistemática. Gayana Zool. (Chile) 59: 73-96.
  • Le Conte, J. L. (1851). Zoological Notes. Proceedings of the Society of Natural History Philadelphia 1850-1851. 5, 316-319.
  • Le Conte, J.L. 1851. Zoological Notes. Proceedings of the Society of Natural History Philadelphia, 5, 317-320.
  • Straughan, Dale, and Richard W. Klink. 1980. A Taxonomic Listing of Common Marine Invertebrate Species from Southern California. Technical Reports of the Allan Hancock Foundation, no. 3. vi + 281
  • Stöhr S., O’Hara T. & Thuy B. (Eds) (2015). WoRMS Ophiuroidea: World Ophiuroidea database (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Stöhr, S. (2015). Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) spiculata. In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2015) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Syntype: Leconte. 1851. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 5: 318.


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