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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

 Disk circular with interradial protruding (dd = 1.2 to 10.2 mm). Disk totally covered with short multifid spinules and spines. Radial shields nearly touching distally and separated by a row of scales and spinules (Fig. 2J).Ventral side of the disk sparsely covered by small spines and scales (Fig. 2K). Oral shields wider than long and diamond shaped with lateral sides lobate; madreporite evident. Adoral shields triangular, small and in contact. Oral papillae lacking. A dental papillae cluster at the ventral apex of the jaw (Fig. 2L). Dorsal arm plates pentagonal with rounded edges (Fig. 2H). Ventral arm plates wider than long, wider on the distal edge. Up to eight serrated and hyaline arm spines; top-most spine is usually short, second or third are the longest. One small tentacle scale (Fig. 2I). Color of the disk bluish-purple (Fig. 2G). Mouth area whitish-yellow (Fig. 2K, L).
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© Rebeca Granja–Fernández, María D. Herrero-Pérezrul, Ramón A. López-Pérez, Luis Hernández, Fabián A. Rodríguez-Zaragoza, Robert Wallace Jones, Rubén Pineda-López

Source: ZooKeys

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Distribution

 Bering Sea, USA (California), Mexico, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Galapagos Islands (Clark HL 1911, 1915, Hooker et al. 2005, Neira and Cantera 2005, Alvarado et al. 2010). In Mexico, from the Gulf of California (Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa), on the Pacific side of Baja California and Baja California Sur, Nayarit, Islas Marías, Jalisco, Michoacán, Guerrero and Oaxaca (Solís-Marín et al. 2005, Honey-Escandón et al. 2008, Granja-Fernández and López-Pérez 2011). Depth intertidal to 2059 m (Maluf 1988). In this study, Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) spiculata was collected on coral reefs from Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán, Guerrero and Oaxaca, between 1.5 and 26 m depth.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Rebeca Granja–Fernández, María D. Herrero-Pérezrul, Ramón A. López-Pérez, Luis Hernández, Fabián A. Rodríguez-Zaragoza, Robert Wallace Jones, Rubén Pineda-López

Source: ZooKeys

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In Panama this species has been collected from Venado Beach (USNM E 23688) and the reef of Old French Fort (USNM E 24130), Panama Bay; from the East Chamber of the Miraflores Locks (Panama canal) (USNM E 23622) and Saint Elmo Bay (USNM E 23516), Rey Island, Perlas Archipelago, Gulf of Panama, eastern Pacific.

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© Coppard , Simon

Source: The Echinoderms of Panama

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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

References and links

Le Conte, J.L. (1851). Zoological Notes. Proceedings of the Society of Natural History Philadelphia, 5, 317-320.

Lyman, T. (1860). Descriptions of new Ophiuridae, belonging to the Smithsonian Institution and to the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 1859-61, 7, 252-262.

Maluf, L. Y. (1988). Composition and distribution of the central eastern Pacific echinoderms. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Technical Reports, 2, 1– 242.

World Ophiuroidea Database

LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:244192
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© Coppard , Simon

Source: The Echinoderms of Panama

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Synonymised taxa

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© Coppard , Simon

Source: The Echinoderms of Panama

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Type Information

Syntype for Ophiothrix spiculata Le Conte, 1851
Catalog Number: USNM 1183
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Collector(s): J. Leconte
Locality: Panama, North Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Leconte. 1851. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 5: 318.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 10 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 1478

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2 - 1478
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) spiculata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ophiothrix (Ophiothrix) spiculata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ophiothrix spiculata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Genomic DNA is available from 14 specimens with morphological vouchers housed at Florida Museum of Natural History and Ocean Genome Legacy and Western Australian Museum
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© Ocean Genome Legacy

Source: Ocean Genome Resource

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